grain

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English[edit]

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Wikipedia Wikipedia

Mixed grain—the harvested seeds
A close-up of wood grain—texture of material

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French grain, grein, from Latin grānum (seed), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm (grain). Compare English corn.

Noun[edit]

grain (countable and uncountable, plural grains)

  1. (uncountable) The harvested seeds of various grass food crops eg: wheat, corn, barley.
    We stored a thousand tons of grain for the winter.
  2. (uncountable) Similar seeds from any food crop, eg buckwheat, amaranth, quinoa.
  3. (countable) A single seed of grain.
    a grain of wheat
  4. (countable, uncountable) The crops from which grain is harvested.
    The fields were planted with grain.
  5. (uncountable) A linear texture of a material or surface.
    Cut along the grain of the wood.
  6. (countable) A single particle of a substance.
    a grain of sand
    a grain of salt
  7. (countable) A very small unit of weight, in England equal to 1/480 of an ounce troy, 0.0648 grams or, to be more exact, 64.79891 milligrams (0.002285714 avoirdupois ounce). A carat grain or pearl grain is 1/4 carat or 50 milligrams. The old French grain was 1/9216 livre or 53.11 milligrams, and in the mesures usuelles permitted from 1812 to 1839, with the livre redefined as 500 grams, it was 54.25 milligrams.
  8. (countable) A former unit of gold purity, also known as carat grain, equal to 14 "carat" (karat).
  9. (materials) A region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction.
  10. A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes; hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson, scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent to Tyrian purple.
    • Milton
      all in a robe of darkest grain
    • Quoted by Coleridge, preface to Aids to Reflection
      [] doing as the dyers do, who, having first dipped their silks in colours of less value, then give them the last tincture of crimson in grain.
  11. The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on that side.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  12. (in the plural) The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called draff.
  13. (botany) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in the common dock.
  14. Temper; natural disposition; inclination.
    • Hayward
      brothers [] not united in grain
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

grain (third-person singular simple present grains, present participle graining, simple past and past participle grained)

  1. To feed grain to.
  2. (transitive) To make granular; to form into grains.
  3. (intransitive) To form grains, or to assume a granular form, as the result of crystallization; to granulate.
  4. To texture a surface in imitation of the grain of a substance such as wood.
  5. (tanning) To remove the hair or fat from a skin.
  6. (tanning) To soften leather.
  7. To yield fruit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gower to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See groin (part of the body).

Noun[edit]

grain (plural grains)

  1. A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of G. Douglas to this entry?)
  2. A tine, prong, or fork.
    1. One of the branches of a valley or river.
    2. An iron fish spear or harpoon, with a number of points half-barbed inwardly.
      • 1770: Served 5 lb of fish per man which was caught by striking with grains — journal of Stephen Forwood (gunner on H.M. Bark Endeavour), 4 May 1770, quoted by Parkin (page 195).
    3. A blade of a sword, knife, etc.
  3. (founding) A thin piece of metal, used in a mould to steady a core.

External links[edit]

Anagrams[edit]



French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French, from Old French grain, grein, from Latin grānum, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grain m (plural grains)

  1. grain
  2. (figuratively) a small amount, a bit
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grain m (plural grains)

  1. (nautical) squall, thunderstorm

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin grānum.

Noun[edit]

grain m (oblique plural grains, nominative singular grains, nominative plural grain)

  1. grain (edible part of a cereal plant)

Descendants[edit]