- Corn; a type of grain of the species Zea mays.
1972, Lytle Robinson, chapter 5, Edgar Cayceʼs Story of the Origin and Destiny of Man, USA: Berkley Publishing Corporation, page 106:
- A fundamental creative act of American man was the development of maize. For it was maize that made possible and sustained the whole Peruvian civilization as well as Mexican and Central American ones. Exactly where it originated is not known, but corn was found in pre-Mayan graves dating to 3000 B.C.
From Proto-Baltic *maiž-, an ablaut variant of Proto-Baltic *miež- (whence Latvian mieži (“barley”)), from Proto-Indo-European *meyǵ-, probably from the stem *mē- (“to cut; to mow”) modified into *mey-, and with an added element *ǵ (whence Proto-Baltic *ž, whence Latvian z). Cognates include Old Prussian mayse ([maize], “barley”) (misspelled as wayse in the 16th-century source), Old Irish maiz- (“to sow”).
maize f (5th declension)
- bread (foodstuff, baked from wheat, rye, sometimes corn)
- kviešu, rudzu maize — wheat, rye bread
- neraudzēta maize — unleavened bread
- maizes klaips, šķēle — loaf, slice of bread
- maizes garoza — bread crust
- maizes zupa — bread soup
- cept maizi — to bake bread
- maizes mīkla — bread dough
- maizes ceptuve — bakery (lit. bread baking place)
- maizes veikals — bakery (lit. bread shop)
- maizes krāsns — bread oven
- apziest maizi ar sviestu — spread butter on bread
- ēst maizi ar desu — to eat bread with sausage
- focaccia ir viena no populārākajām itāļu maizēm — focaccia is one of the most popular Italian breads
- bread dough
- mīcīt maizi — to knead bread
- maize rūgst — the bread (dough) is fermenting
- (poetic) cereals, cereal grains, especially rye, wheat
- priecīgākā diena, kad klētī sāk smaržot jaunā maize — joyful day, when the barn starts to smell like new bread (= wheat)
- (figuratively) food, nutrition
- viņš var ēst tēva maizi bez kādām rūpēm — he can eat his father's bread without any worries
- (figuratively) essential, necessary element
- metāls ir rūpniecības maize — metal is the bread of industry
- (figuratively) livelihood, means of supporting oneself; work
- J. Vītols bija atradis darbu un maizi Pēterpilī — J. Vītols had found work and bread in Pēterpils (St. Petersburg)
- ja kāds aiziet citā maizē: zinātnieka vai inženiera, vai mākslinieka maizē... — if someone goes into another bread (= profession): the scientific or engineering, or the artistic bread (= profession)...
- ^ “maize” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7}