ablaut

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See also: Ablaut

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From German Ablaut (off-sound), from ab (off), + Laut (sound).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɑbˌlaʊt/, /ˈɑpˌlaʊt/, /ˈæbˌlaʊt/

Noun[edit]

ablaut (plural ablauts)

  1. (linguistics) The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get, gat, and got; sing and song; hang and hung, distinct from the phonetic influence of a succeeding vowel. [Mid 19th century.][2]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Verb[edit]

ablaut (third-person singular simple present ablauts, present participle ablauting, simple past and past participle ablauted)

  1. (intransitive, linguistics, of a vowel-containing linguistic component) To undergo a change of vowel.
    • 1983, Stephanie W. Jamison, Function and Form in the -áya-formations of the Rig Veda and ..., page 209:
      This root must once have ablauted, given the associated nominal derivatives prthii- 'broad', prthivl- 'earth'. However, it does not ablaut at all in its verbal forms.
    • 1985, Michael E. Krauss, Yupik Eskimo prosodic systems: descriptive and comparative studies, page 241:
      What we find is that one cannot predict which members of V a given member of E will cause to ablaut
    • 2006, Felix K. Ameka, Alan Charles Dench, Nicholas Evans, Catching language: the standing challenge of grammar writing, page 536:
      It is these co-opted verbs that tend to ablaut variably in the different Dakotan dialects and that forced morphological restructuring
    • 2012, Bernard Comrie, Zarina Estrada Fernández, Relative Clauses in Languages of the Americas: A Typological Overview, page 219:
      This allomorph also causes the back vowel to ablaut to a low vowel.
  2. (transitive, linguistics) To cause to change a vowel.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1971 [1969], Morris, William editor, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, New York, NY: American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc., ISBN 0-395-09066-0, page 3:
  2. ^ Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 5

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

ablaut m (plural ablauts)

  1. (linguistics) ablaut (substitution of one root vowel for another)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Ablaut.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

àblaut m (Cyrillic spelling а̀блаут)

  1. ablaut

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]