ab

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Abs

Abbreviation of abdominal muscles.

Noun[edit]

ab (plural abs)

  1. (informal) abdominal muscle. [Mid 20th century.][1]
    • 2006, H. Peter Steeves, The Things Themselves (page 75)
      The bikinied models in most of the ESPN2 shows have abs. Many of the malnourished bikinied models in the commercials have visible rib cages. How did the two get conflated into a shared vision of beauty?
    • 2010, Bill Geiger, "6-pack Abs in 9 Weeks", Reps! 17:106
      When possible, do your ab workout on a day when you're not training a major muscle group [] .
Usage notes[edit]

Most often used attributively. Substantive use is more common in the plural form abs.

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of abscess.

Noun[edit]

ab (plural abs)

  1. (slang) An abscess caused by injecting an illegal drug, usually heroin.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Abbreviations, see definitions.

Abbreviation[edit]

ab

  1. abort or abortion
  2. about

Etymology 4[edit]

From the spelling books and the fact that it was the first of the letter combinations.[2]

Noun[edit]

ab (plural abs)

  1. (US) The early stages of; the beginning process; the start.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 2
  2. ^ Mathews, Mitford M, ed. A Dictionary of Americanisms on Historical Principles. 1st. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956.
  • ab” in The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.
  • "ab" in Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, 2002.
  • ab” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.

Anagrams[edit]


Aynu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Persian آب (āb).

Noun[edit]

ab

  1. water

Catalan[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ab

  1. (archaic) amb (with)

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ab (of, from).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ab

  1. ex (out of, sold from)
  2. from (with the origin in time)

Etymology 2[edit]

See abe (to ape, mimic).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aːb/, [æːˀb̥]

Verb[edit]

ab

  1. Imperative of abe.

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Standard German) IPA(key): /ap/, [ʔäpʰ]
  • (Switzerland) IPA(key): /ab̥/

Preposition[edit]

ab

  1. Beginning at that time or location; from.
    ab heute verfügbar ― available from today on

Derived terms[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ab

  1. from

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin abbas (father), from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אבא (’abbā, father).

Noun[edit]

ab m (genitive aba, nominative plural abaí)

  1. (Christianity) abbot
Declension[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction of the relative particle a and the prevocalic variant of the past/conditional copula particle b’.

Particle[edit]

ab

  1. Alternative form of ba (used in relative clauses before a vowel sound).
    Fear maith ab ea é. ― He was a good man.
    buachaill ab áirde ná mo dheartháir ― A boy (who was) taller than my brother
Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ab n-ab hab t-ab
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂epo (off, away) (English off, of).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ā (not used before a vowel or h)

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ab

  1. of, from, by, since (takes object in ablative case).

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used in conjunction with passive verbs to mark the agent, e.g. Liber ā discipulō aperītur ("the book is opened by the student").

References[edit]

  • Latin Dictionary, Lewis and Short, 1879.
  • Lingua Latina, Hans H. Ørberg, 2005.

Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Estonian abi (help).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ab

  1. help
    abbõ andõ – to help (lit. "to give help")
  2. (anatomy) shoulder
    pǟ um abūd vaisõ sizzõl viedtõdrecoiled, flinched (lit. "head is drawn in shoulders")

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

LEL also features a partitive plural form with -īdi as in the example abīdi nustõ "to shrug."


Occitan[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ab

  1. (Guardiol) with

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ab.

Preposition[edit]

ab

  1. of

Old Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Reduced form of Latin apud

Preposition[edit]

ab

  1. with

Descendants[edit]


Pumpokol[edit]

Noun[edit]

ab

  1. father

Romani[edit]

Noun[edit]

ab m (plural ab)

  1. river

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Noun[edit]

ab m (genitive aba, plural abachan)

  1. Alternative form of aba.

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Persian آب (āb).

Noun[edit]

ab

  1. (archaic) water

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from German aber (but).

Conjunction[edit]

ab

  1. but