is

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Contents

English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English is, from Proto-Germanic *isti, a form of Proto-Germanic *wesaną (to be), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti (is). Cognate with West Frisian is (is), Dutch is (is), German ist (is), Old Swedish is (is). The paradigm of "to be" has been since the time of Proto-Germanic a synthesis of four originally distinct verb stems. The infinitive form "to be" is from *bʰuH- (to become). The forms is and am are derived from *h₁es- (to be) whereas the form are comes from *iraną (to rise, be quick, become active). Lastly, the past forms starting with "w-" such as was and were are from *h₂wes- (to reside).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

is

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative form of be
    He is a doctor. He retired some time ago.
    Should he do the task, it is vital that you follow him.
    It all depends on what the meaning of is is. - Bill Clinton
  2. (colloquial, nonstandard) second-person present of be

Quotations[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Verb[edit]

is

  1. am, are, is (present tense, all persons, plural and singular of wees, to be)
  2. Forms the perfect passive voice when followed by a past participle

Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

is

  1. plural form of i

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

is c (singular definite isen, plural indefinite is)

  1. (uncountable) ice, ice cream (water in frozen form, dessert)
  2. (countable) ice, ice cream (ice cream on a stick or in a wafer cone)

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

is

  1. third-person singular present indicative of zijn; is, equals
    Twaalf min drie is negentwelve minus three equals nine

Adverb[edit]

is

  1. (informal, dialect) Misspelling of es, an elision of eens

Anagrams[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

is

  1. Romanization of 𐌹𐍃

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate of és (and).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

is

  1. also, too, as well
    Én is szeretem a csokit. - I also like chocolate. (Besides other people)
    A csokit is szeretem. - I also like chocolate. (Besides other things)
  2. even
    Három óráig is tarthat a műtét (The operation may even take three hours.)
  3. (after an interrogative word) again (used in a question to ask something one has forgotten)
    Hogy is hívják? (What's that called, again?)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Expressions

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From agus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

is

  1. reduced form of agus

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish is (is), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɪsˠ], [sˠ] (before nouns and adjectives)
  • IPA(key): [ʃ] (before pronouns é, í, ea, iad)

Particle[edit]

is

  1. Present/future realis copula form
    Is múinteoir é Dónall.
    Dónall is a teacher.
    (definition: predicate is indefinite)
    Is é Dónall an múinteoir.
    Dónall is the teacher.
    (identification: predicate is definite)
    Is féidir liom snámh.
    I can swim.
    (idiomatic noun predicate)
    Is maith liom tae.
    I like tea.
    (idiomatic adjective predicate)
    Is mise a chonnaic é.
    I'm the one who saw him
    (compare Hiberno-English "'Tis I who saw him"; cleft sentence)
    Is é Dónall atá ina mhúinteoir.
    It's Dónall who is a teacher.
    (cleft sentence)
  2. Used to introduce the comparative/superlative form of adjectives
    an buachaill is
    the bigger boy; the biggest boy
    Is mó an buachaill ná Séamas.
    The boy is bigger than James.
    Is é Séamas an buachaill is mó in Éirinn!
    James is the biggest boy in Ireland! (lit. "It is James (who is) the boy (who) is biggest in Ireland")
Usage notes[edit]

Used in present and future sentences for identification or definition of a subject as the person/object identified in the predicate of the sentence. Sometimes used with noun or adjective predicates, especially in certain fixed idiomatic phrases. Used to introduce cleft sentences, which are extremely common in Irish. It is not a verb.

In comparative/superlative formations, is is strictly speaking the relative of the copula, hence an buachaill is mó literally means "the boy who is biggest", i.e. "the biggest boy". The thing compared is introduced by (than).

Related terms[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inflected form of (go).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

īs

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of eo

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Italic *is, from Proto-Indo-European *éy.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

is

  1. (demonstrative) it; he (refers to a masculine word), this, that
    Is mihi rescripsit.
    He wrote to me again.
Declension[edit]

Irregular: similar to first and second declensions, except for singular genitives ending in "-ius" and singular datives ending in "-ī".

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative is ea id , eae ea
genitive eius eius eius eōrum eārum eōrum
dative eīs, iīs eīs, iīs eīs, iīs
accusative eum eam id eōs eās ea
ablative eīs, iīs eīs, iīs eīs, iīs

See also[edit]


Navajo[edit]

Interjection[edit]

is

  1. oh: expressing surprise

Alternative forms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

Noun[edit]

is m (definite singular isen, indefinite plural iser, definite plural isene)

  1. (uncountable) ice
  2. (countable) ice cream

Synonyms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

Noun[edit]

is m (definite singular isen, indefinite plural isar, definite plural isane)

  1. ice
  2. ice cream

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-, *ei-, *ī- (ice, frost). Cognate with Old Frisian īs (West Frisian iis), Old Saxon īs (Low German Ies), Dutch ijs, Old High German īs (German Eis), Old Norse íss (Danish and Swedish is), Gothic 𐌴𐌹𐍃 (eis). There are parallels in many Iranian languages, apparently from the same Indo-European root: Avestan 𐬀𐬉𐬑𐬀 (aēxa-, frost, ice), Persian یخ (yakh), Pashto جح (jaḥ), Ossetian их (ix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

īs n

  1. ice
    • the Legend of St Andrew
      Ofer eastreamas is brycgade.
      The ice formed a bridge over the streams.
  2. The runic character (/i/ or /i:/)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: is

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-. Compare Old Saxon īs, Old English īs, Old Norse íss, Gothic 𐌴𐌹𐍃 (eis).

Noun[edit]

īs

  1. ice

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The lemma is itself is from Proto-Indo-European *h₁esti; other forms are from either Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- or Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH-.

Verb[edit]

is (copula)

  1. to be
    • circa 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, Wb. 14d26
      Is i persin Crist da·gníu-sa sin.
      It is in the person of Christ that I do that.

Conjugation[edit]

Form 1st sg. 2nd sg. 3rd sg. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd pl.
Present indicative am
(relative): nonda
at, it
(relative): nonda
is
(relative): as
ammi, ammin, immi
(relative): nondan
adib, idib, adi
(relative): nondad
it
(relative): ata, at
Present subjunctive ba ba, be ba
(relative): bes, bas
bede
(relative): bete, beta
Past subjunctive bid, bith
(relative): bed, bad
bemmis betis, bitis
Imperative ba bad, bed ban, baán bad, bed bat
Future be be bid, bith bemmi, bimmi bit
Conditional robad
(relative): bed
robtis
Preterite and
imperfect indicative
basa basa ba
(relative): ba
batir, batar
(relative): batar

Derived terms[edit]

  • cesu (although... is)
  • condid (so that... is)
  • in (is... ?)
  • masu (if... is)
  • (is not)

Synonyms[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *it.

Pronoun[edit]

is (is)

  1. his, its
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

is

  1. Third-person singular present form of wesan

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-, *ei-, *ī- (ice, frost). Cognate with Old Frisian īs (West Frisian iis), Old English īs (English ice), Dutch ijs, Old High German īs (German Eis), Old Norse íss (Danish and Swedish is), Gothic 𐌴𐌹𐍃 (eis).

Noun[edit]

īs n

  1. ice
  2. The runic character (/i/ or /i:/)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Low German: ies
    • Low German: Ies

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

is

  1. plural form of i
    • 2003, J. K. Rowling, Lya Wyler, Harry Potter e a Ordem da Fênix, Rocco, page 411:
      Se você pôs os pingos nos is e cortou os tês então pode fazer o que quiser!
      If you've dotted your I's and crossed your T's, then you can do whatever you want!

Scots[edit]

Adverb[edit]

is (not comparable)

  1. (South Scots) as

Synonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

is

  1. (South Scots) as

Synonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

is personal, non-emphatic

  1. (South Scots) me

See also[edit]

  • A
  • mei (emphatic variant)

Verb[edit]

is

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative form of be

See also[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

is

  1. and

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

is

  1. am, are, is

Usage notes[edit]

  • This defective verb doesn't have the infinitive, future tense, subjunctive or conditional moods.
  • The dependent form, used after particles, is e.
  • Is is used when linking the subject of a sentence with an object ("somebody is somebody", "somebody is something", "something is something"), otherwise forms of the verb bi are used:
    Is mise Dòmhnall. - I am Donald.
    Tha mise ann an taigh-seinnse. - I am in a pub.

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

is c

  1. (uncountable) Ice; frozen water.
  2. (countable) Ice; a sheet of ice lying on a body of water.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English East.

Noun[edit]

is

  1. East

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

is (definite accusative isi, plural isler)

  1. fume

Declension[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Adverb[edit]

is

  1. here