ei

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Contents

Classical Nahuatl[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ēi

  1. three.

Synonyms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch ei, from Old Dutch *ei, from Proto-Germanic *ajjaz, a West Germanic variety of *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm. Compare German Ei, West Frisian aai, English ey. More at ey.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ei n (plural eieren, diminutive eitje n)

  1. egg
    Wie kookte deze eieren? or more common: Wie heeft deze eieren gekookt? — Who boiled these eggs?

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. no (a negating expression)

Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. (auxiliary verb) don't, doesn't, not: used in negative forms of non-imperative verbs. Ma ei tea. I don't know. (Compare: Ma tean. I know.)

Usage notes[edit]

The verb follows the word ei.

In the present tense indicative, the form of the verb coincides with the imperative of the second person singular. In past tenses indicative, the form of the verb is personal past participle. In the conditional mood, the form of the verb coincides with third person singular conditional in the present tense or the past tense. In the indirect mood, the form of the verb is the indirect form.


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. not

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • ei og ikki - as well as, both ... and
  • grát ei - do not weep (song title by Eivør Pálsdóttir, 2007)

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric negative verb stem *e- ~ *ä- ~ *a-. Cognates include Estonian ei and Northern Sami ii.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ei

  1. no! (a negating expression)

Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. The third-person singular form of the negation verb, used also with impersonal verb forms (see the usage in passive below). The English translations include don’t, doesn’t, not (with auxiliary verbs and be), and no.

Conjugation[edit]

  • The negation verb has no infinitive form. It is the same with indicative, conditional and potential mood and is conjugated only in person. In the imperative mood the negation verb has the stem äl-, for the third person see älköön. An archaic optative mood has also a second-person singular form, ällös.
singular plural
first person en emme
second person et ette
third person ei eivät
  • In order to sum up, the complete conjugation scheme of the verb istua (to sit) is provided below. For explanations, see Usage notes section.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The negation verb is used with the connegative form of the main verb. That form is identical to the second-person singular imperative in the indicative present. The potential mood connegative ends in the marker for the mood, -ne-, and the conditional mood connegative ends in the marker for the mood, -isi-. In the indicative past, conditional past and potential past, the active past participle singular (ending -ut/-yt) is used. The connegative form of the main verb is always used without the personal suffix.
  • Usage of ei in active:
  • Indicative:
  • Hän näkee. (She/He sees.) → Hän ei näe. (She/He does not see.)
  • Hän näki. (She/He saw.) → Hän ei nähnyt. (She/He did not see.)
  • Hän on nähnyt. (She/He has seen.) → Hän ei ole nähnyt. (She/He has not seen.)
  • Hän oli nähnyt. (She/He had seen.) → Hän ei ollut nähnyt. (She/He had not seen.)
  • Conditional:
  • Hän näkisi. (She/He would see.) → Hän ei näkisi. (She/He would not see.)
  • Hän olisi nähnyt. (She/He would have seen.) → Hän ei olisi nähnyt. (She/He would not have seen.)
  • Potential:
  • Hän nähnee. (She/He probably sees.) → Hän ei nähne. (She/He probably does not see.)
  • Hän lienee nähnyt. (She/He has probably seen.) → Hän ei liene nähnyt. (She/He has probably not seen.)
  • The passive is construed with ei and by dropping the two last letters (indicative -an / -än, conditional -in, potential -en) from the impersonal verb form. In the past of all the three moods, ei is used with the passive past participle singular (ending -tu / -ty):
  • Usage of ei in passive (i.e., in sentences where the impersonal verb form is used):
  • Indicative:
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät nähdään. (S/he is / I am / We are seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei nähdä. (S/he is / I am / We are not seen.)
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät nähtiin. (S/he was / I was / We were seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei nähty. (S/he was / I was / We were not seen.)
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät on nähty. (S/he has / I have / We have been seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei ole nähty. (S/He has / I have / We have not been seen.)
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät oli nähty. (S/he / I / We had been seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei ollut nähty. (S/he / I / We had not been seen.)
  • Conditional:
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät nähtäisiin. (S/he / I / We would be seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei nähtäisi. (S/he / I / We would not be seen.)
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät olisi nähty. (S/he / I / We would have been seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei olisi nähty. (S/he / I / We would not have been seen.)
  • Potential:
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät nähtäneen. (S/he is / I am / We are probably seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei nähtäne. (S/he is / I am / We are probably not seen.)
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät lienee nähty. (S/he has / I have / We have probably been seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei liene nähty. (S/he has / I have / We have probably not been seen.)
  • Hän näkee koiran (accusative). (S/he sees a dog.) → Hän ei näe koiraa (partitive). (S/he does not see a dog.)
  • Hän näkee naiset (accusative). (S/he sees the women.) → Hän ei näe naisia (partitive). (S/he does not see women/the women)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ei

  1. Romanization of 𐌴𐌹

Icelandic[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. (archaic) not
    Örvæntið ei!
    Despair not!
    Ég veit ei hvað skal segja.
    I know not what to say.

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ei

  1. rōmaji reading of えい

Kott[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔej- ("pine"). Compare Arin aja ("pine").

Noun[edit]

ei (plural en)

  1. pine tree

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔej ("tongue"). Compare Pumpokol aj ("tongue").

Noun[edit]

ei (plural ējaŋ)

  1. voice, sound

Latin[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ei!

  1. oh! (expressing alarm)

Pronoun[edit]

  1. To him, for him, to her, for her, to it, for it (dative singular masculine, feminine and neuter of is)
    Dixit duas res ei rubori fuisse.
    He said that two things had abashed him.
  2. they (nominative plural masculine of is)

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ei

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ēi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of ěi.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of èi.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ein.

Article[edit]

ei f

  1. feminine form of en

Pronoun[edit]

ei f

  1. feminine form of en

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. (archaic) not

Synonyms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ein.

Article[edit]

ei f

  1. feminine form of ein

Pronoun[edit]

ei f

  1. feminine form of ein

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. (archaic) # not

Synonyms[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm. Akin to Old English ǣġ, Old Norse egg.

Further Indo-European cognates: Latin ōvum, Ancient Greek ᾠόν (ōión)

Noun[edit]

ei n

  1. (zoology) An egg

Descendants[edit]

  • German: Ei

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ajjaz, West Germanic variant of *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm. Compare Old English ǣġ, Old High German ei, Old Norse egg.

Noun[edit]

ei n

  1. (zoology) An egg

Descendants[edit]

  • Low German: Ei

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ei (not comparable)

  1. apocopic form of eis; used preceding the pronouns lo, la, los or las

Etymology 2[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ei

  1. hey (exclamation to get attention)

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illī, nominative masculine plural of ille.

Pronoun[edit]

ei m (third-person plural)

  1. they (used for an all-male or mixed-sex group)
Declension[edit]
Nominative
ei
Accusative
stressed unstressed
ei îi
Genitive
one form for all numbers and genders
lor
Dative
stressed unstressed
lor le
Reflexive
Accusative Dative
stressed unstressed stressed unstressed
sine se sieși își
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • el (third-person masculine singular)
  • ea (third-person feminine singular)
  • ele (third-person feminine plural)

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin *illaei, from illa, from ille.

Pronoun[edit]

ei (genitive form of ea)

  1. her
    a cartea ei?
    do you have her book?
Declension[edit]
singular & plural
masculine, feminine & neuter
ei
Synonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ei (stressed dative form of ea)

  1. to her
Synonyms[edit]
  • îi (unstressed form)

Sabu[edit]

ei

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun[edit]

ei

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)

Scots[edit]

Noun[edit]

ei (plural een)

  1. (South Scots) an eye.

Pronoun[edit]

ei

  1. (South Scots, personal) he (alternative form of hei)

Welsh[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *esyo (m) and *esyās (f); compare Old Irish a (his, her, its, their) and Sanskrit अस्य (asyá, his, its) and अस्यास् (asyā́s, her).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [i] (colloquial)
  • IPA(key): [əi] (very formal or careful)

Determiner[edit]

ei (possessive) (triggers soft mutation of a following consonant)

  1. his, its
    Dw i’n gweld ei dŷ e.
    I see his house.
  2. him, it (as object of a verbal noun)
    • 18th century, Wil Hopcyn, “Bugeilio’r gwenith gwyn”:
      Myfi’n bugeilio’r gwenith gwyn,
      Ac arall yn ei fedi.
      Me watching the white wheat,
      And another reaping it.
Usage notes[edit]

e or o often follows the noun when it ends in a consonant and either fe or fo follows when it ends in a vowel.

Determiner[edit]

ei (possessive) (triggers aspirate mutation of a following consonant)

  1. her, its
    Dw i’n gweld ei thŷ hi.
    I see her house.
  2. her, it (as object of a verbal noun)
Usage notes[edit]

hi often follows the noun.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. second-person singular future of mynd (also present tense in the literary language)