pine

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See also: piné

English[edit]

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Pinus brutia (1)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin pīnus, from Proto-Indo-European *poi- (sap, juice). Cognate with Sanskrit पितु (pitu, sap, juice, resin)

Noun[edit]

pine (countable and uncountable, plural pines)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Any coniferous tree of the genus Pinus.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 3, The China Governess[1]:
      Sepia Delft tiles surrounded the fireplace, their crudely drawn Biblical scenes in faded cyclamen blending with the pinkish pine, while above them, instead of a mantelshelf, there was an archway high enough to form a balcony with slender balusters and a tapestry-hung wall behind.
    The northern slopes were covered mainly in pine.
  2. (countable) Any tree (usually coniferous) which resembles a member of this genus in some respect.
  3. (uncountable) The wood of this tree.
  4. (archaic) A pineapple.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Old English pinian (torment), from *pine “pain”, possibly from Latin poena (punishment), from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, penalty, fine, bloodmoney). Cognate to pain.

Entered Germanic with Christianity; cognate to Middle Dutch pinen, Old High German pinon, Old Norse pina.[1]

Noun[edit]

pine (plural pines)

  1. (archaic) A painful longing.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pine (third-person singular simple present pines, present participle pining, simple past and past participle pined)

  1. To languish; to lose flesh or wear away through distress; to droop.
    • Tickell
      The roses wither and the lilies pine.
  2. (intransitive) To long, to yearn so much that it causes suffering.
    Laura was pining for Bill all the time he was gone.
    • 1855, John Sullivan Dwight (translator), “Oh Holy Night”, as printed in 1871, Adolphe-Charles Adam (music), “Cantique de Noël”, G. Schirmer (New York), originally by Placide Cappeau de Roquemaure, 1847
      Long lay the world in sin and error pining / Till He appear’d and the soul felt its worth
    • 1994, Walter Dean Myers, The Glory Field[2], ISBN 978054505575, page 29:
      The way the story went was that the man's foot healed up all right but that he just pined away.
  3. (transitive) To grieve or mourn for.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
  4. (transitive) To inflict pain upon; to torment; to torture; to afflict.
    • Bishop Hall
      One is pined in prison, another tortured on the rack.
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ pine” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /piːnə/, [ˈpʰiːnə], [ˈpʰiːn̩]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Saxon pīna (late Old Norse pina), from Medieval Latin pēna (punishment), from Latin poena, from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, penalty, fine, bloodmoney).

Noun[edit]

pine c (singular definite pinen, plural indefinite piner)

  1. torment
  2. (in compounds) ache
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived from pine (torment). Compare Old Norse pína and Middle Low German pīnen.

Verb[edit]

pine (imperative pin, infinitive at pine, present tense piner, past tense pinte, past participle er/har pint)

  1. torment
  2. torture
Synonyms[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pine f (plural pines)

  1. (slang) nob, penis

Verb[edit]

pine

  1. first-person singular present indicative of piner
  2. third-person singular present indicative of piner
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of piner
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of piner
  5. second-person singular imperative of piner

External links[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

pine f

  1. plural form of pina

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

pīne

  1. vocative singular of pīnus

Maori[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably English pin

Noun[edit]

pine

  1. pin, tack, brooch

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

pine (present tense piner; past tense pinte; past participle pint)

  1. to torment, to torture

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

pine (present tense piner, past tense pinte, past participle pint, passive infinitive pinast, present participle pinande, imperative pin)

  1. to torment, to torture

West Frisian[edit]

Noun[edit]

pine

  1. pain, ache