fir

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English[edit]

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A fir tree (Abies balsamea)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English firre, from either Old Norse fýri (as in fýriskógr 'fir-wood')[1] or Old English fyrh, furh (as in furhwudu 'pinewood'),[2] from Proto-Germanic *furhijǭ (compare Low German Fuhr, German Föhre 'pine', Danish fyr), from Proto-Indo-European *pŕ̥kʷeh₂ (compare Italian (Trentino) porca 'fir'), from *pérkʷus 'oak' (compare Latin quercus 'oak', Albanian shpardh, shparr 'Italian oak', Punjabi ਪਰਗਾਇ (pargāī, holm oak, Quercus baloot)). Related to frith.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir (countable and uncountable, plural firs)

  1. (chiefly countable, UK) Any conifer of a variety of genera, especially a Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris or a true fir (Abies).
  2. (chiefly countable, US) A conifer of the genus Abies.
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 1, The Dust of Conflict[1]:
      A beech wood with silver firs in it rolled down the face of the hill, and the maze of leafless twigs and dusky spires cut sharp against the soft blueness of the evening sky.
    • 1991, Paul Chadwick, Concrete: American Christmas, Dark Horse Books
      I can almost smell the fir scent… resinous, pungent.
  3. (uncountable) Wood of such trees.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd edn., s.v. "fir" (Oxford, 2000).
  2. ^ J.P. Mallory, Douglas Q. Adams, eds., Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture s.v. "oak", "pine" (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997), pp. 407, 428-9.

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir

  1. men
    Sláinte chuig na fir agus go maire na mná go deo!
    Health to the men and may the women live forever!
  2. vocative singular of fear
  3. genitive singular of fear
  4. nominative plural of fear

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

fir

  1. rafsi of flira.

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir

  1. vocative singular of fer
  2. genitive singular of fer
  3. nominative plural of fer

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīlum.

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Noun[edit]

fir n (plural fire)

  1. thread, string, filament, wire
  2. (fir de păr) a hair

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Noun[edit]

fir m

  1. genitive singular of fear
  2. plural form of fear