pena

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See also: peña and péna

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin poena.

Noun[edit]

pena f (plural penes)

  1. punishment, penalty
  2. grief, sorrow, pain
  3. a shame, a pity

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

pena

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of penar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of penar

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Dutch pen

Noun[edit]

pena

  1. pen (writing utensil)

Synonyms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin poena.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpena/, [ˈpeː.na]
  • Hyphenation: pé‧na

Noun[edit]

pena f (plural pene)

  1. sorrow
  2. trouble
  3. worry, anxiety
  4. pity
  5. sentence, penalty, punishment
  6. pain

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

pena

  1. third-person singular present indicative of penare
  2. second-person singular imperative of penare

Anagrams[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Noun[edit]

pena f (plural penes)

  1. penalty, punishment

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pēna f (genitive pēnae); first declension

  1. Alternative form of poena. [Mediaeval–early New Latin]

Declension[edit]

First declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative pēna pēnae
genitive pēnae pēnārum
dative pēnae pēnīs
accusative pēnam pēnās
ablative pēnā pēnīs
vocative pēna pēnae

Old Provençal[edit]

Noun[edit]

pena f (oblique plural penas, nominative singular pena, nominative plural penas)

  1. pain; suffering

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese pena (displacing pẽa), from Latin poena, from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, penalty, fine, bloodmoney), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoyneh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pena f (plural penas)

  1. punishment
  2. pain; sadness
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Portuguese pena, from Latin penna, from Proto-Italic *petnā (feather, wing), from Proto-Indo-European *péth₂r̥ ~ pth₂én- (feather, wing), from *peth₂- (to fly).

pena

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pena f (plural penas)

  1. feather
  2. (dated) rock, crag, cliff
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pena

  1. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present indicative of penar
  2. Second-person singular (tu) affirmative imperative of penar

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pěna.

Noun[edit]

pȅna f (Cyrillic spelling пе̏на)

  1. foam

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pěna.

Noun[edit]

pena f

  1. foam

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pěna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

péna f (genitive péne, uncountable)

  1. foam

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin poena.

Noun[edit]

pena f (plural penas)

  1. punishment
  2. pain, sadness
  3. trouble
  4. (Latin America) embarrassment
  5. pity

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

pena

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of penar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of penar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of penar.

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɛnɑ]
  • Hyphenation: pe‧na

Etymology[edit]

Noun[edit]

pena (definite accusative penayı, plural penalar)

  1. (music) plectrum

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Italian appena.

Adverb[edit]

pena

  1. hardly