English [ edit ]
Feathers on a Clydesdale horse
Alternative forms [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from fether Old English , from feþer Proto-Germanic , from *feþrō Proto-Indo-European ( *péth₂r̥ ~ pth₂én- “ feather, wing ”), from ( *peth₂- “ to fly ”). The Indo-European root is also the source of Greek ( πέτομαι petomai), Albanian ( shpend “ bird ”), Latin , Old Armenian penna ( թիռ tʿiṙ).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
feather ( plural ) feathers
A branching, hair-like structure that grows on the
wings of birds that allows their wings to create lift.
1873, W. K. Brooks, "A Feather", Popular Science Monthly, volume IV, page 687
Notice, too, that the shaft is not straight, but bent so that the upper surface of the
feather is convex, and the lower concave.
1914, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Beasts of Tarzan, chapter V
Big fellows they were, all of them, their barbaric headdresses and grotesquely painted faces, together with their many metal ornaments and gorgeously coloured
feathers, adding to their wild, fierce appearance.
2000, C. J. Puotinen, The Encyclopedia of Natural Pet Care, page 362
Nesting birds pluck some of their own
feathers to line the nest, but feather plucking in pet birds is entirely different. Long hair on the lower legs of a
dog or horse, especially a draft horse, notably the Clydesdale breed. Narrowly only the rear hair. One of the
fins or wings on the shaft of an arrow. A
longitudinal strip projecting from an object to strengthen it, or to enter a channel in another object and thereby prevent displacement sideways but permit motion lengthwise; a spline. Kind; nature; species (from the proverbial phrase "
birds of a feather").
I am not of that
feather to shake off / My friend when he must need me. One of the two
shims of the three-piece stone-splitting tool known as plug and feather or plug and feathers; the feathers are placed in a borehole and then a wedge is driven between them, causing the stone to split.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?) The
angular adjustment of an oar or paddle-wheel float, with reference to a horizontal axis, as it leaves or enters the water.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Antonyms [ edit ]
( horse hair at rear of lower legs ) : spats
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
element of bird wings
, veer pluim Ainu:
( コンコン konkon), ( コンコニ konkoni), ( ラㇷ゚ rap) Albanian:
pendë , f pupël Arabic:
( collective ) ريش ( m rīš), ( singulative ) ريشة ( f rīša)
ريشة ( f riša), ريش ( m pl riš) Armenian:
( փետուր pʿetur) Aromanian:
pluma f Avar:
( хӏули ḥuli) Azeri:
tük , (az) lələk (az) Basque:
пяро ( n pjaró) Bulgarian:
перо (bg) ( n peró) Burmese:
အတောင် ( (my) ătaung) Catalan:
ploma f Chamicuro:
羽毛 ( (zh) yǔmáo), 羽 ( (zh) yǔ) Chumash:
péro (cs) n Danish:
fjer c Dutch:
veer (nl) , f veder , f pluim (nl) f Erzya:
( толга tolga) Esperanto:
plumo (eo) Estonian:
sulg (et) Faroese:
fjøður f Finnish:
sulka , (fi) höyhen (fi) French:
plume (fr) f Friulian:
plume , f pene f Georgian:
( ბუმბული bumbuli) German:
Feder (de) , f Vogelfeder f Greek:
φτερό (el) ( n fteró), πούπουλο (el) ( n poúpoulo)
πτερόν ( n pteron) Guaraní:
ague (t-) Guernésiais:
plleume f Gujarati:
( પીછું pīchun) Hawaiian:
נוצה ( f notsa) Hindi:
पंख ( m paṅkh), पर ( m par) Hungarian:
toll (hu) Icelandic:
fjöður (is) f Ido:
plumo (io) Indonesian:
, pluma penna Irish:
cleite m Italian:
piuma (it) , f penna (it) f Japanese:
羽 ( (ja) ) はね, hane Kazakh:
( қауырсын qawırsın) Khmer:
ស្លាប ( (km) slaap) Korean:
깃 ( (ko) git) Kurdish:
perr (ku) , m pûrt (ku) m Sorani:
پهڕ (ku) ?
ບິກ ( (lo) bik), ຂົນ ( (lo) kŏn) Latgalian:
spolva f Latin:
plūma , f penna f Latvian:
spalva (lv) f Lithuanian:
plunksna (lt) f
Luhya: please add this translation if you can Luxembourgish:
Fieder f Macedonian:
перо ( n péro) Malay:
bulu pelepah Mongolian:
( өд öd), ( өрөвлөг örövlög) Navajo:
fjær (no) m, f Nynorsk:
fjør (nn) Old English:
feþer f Persian:
پر ( (fa) par) Polish:
pióro (pl) n
Pontic Greek: please add this translation if you can Portuguese:
pluma (pt) , f pena (pt) f Rohingya:
fulg (ro) , n pană (ro) f Russian:
перо (ru) ( n peró) Scottish Gaelic:
ite f Serbo-croatian:
перо n Roman:
pero n Slovak:
pierko , n pero n Slovene:
pero (sl) n Sorbian:
pjero n Spanish:
pluma (es) f Swahili:
nyoya (sw) Swedish:
fjäder (sv) c Tagalog:
balahibo Tai Dam:
( пар par) Tamil:
சிறகு ( (ta) ciṟaku) Telugu:
ఈక ( (te) īka) Thai:
( ขนนก kŏn nók), ขน ( (th) kŏn) Tok Pisin:
gras bilong pisin Tupinambá:
aba (s-) Turkish:
tüy (tr) Turkmen:
перо ( n peró) Urdu:
پنکھ ( m paṅkh), پر ( m par) Vietnamese:
lông vũ , (vi) lông , (vi) lông chim Volapük:
plüm , (vo) , bödaplüm ( collective ) plümem , (vo) ( collective ) , bödaplümem ( older term ) pen , (vo) ( older term ) bödapen Welsh:
plu (cy) , f pl pluf (cy) m pl Zulu:
uphaphe class 11/ 10
long hair on the lower legs of a dog or horse
fin or wing on the shaft of an arrow
longitudinal strip, spline
angular adjustment of an oar as it leaves or enters the water
feather ( third-person singular simple present , feathers present participle , feathering simple past and past participle ) feathered
cover or furnish with feathers.
An eagle had the ill hap to be struck with an arrow
feathered from her own wing. To
arrange in the manner or appearance of feathers.
The stylist feathered my hair.
( transitive, intransitive , rowing ) To rotate the oars while they are out of the water to reduce wind resistance.
( aeronautics ) To streamline the blades of an aircraft's propeller by rotating them perpendicular to the axis of the propeller when the engine is shut down so that the propeller doesn't windmill as the aircraft flies.
After striking the bird, the pilot
feathered the left, damaged engine's propeller.
( carpentry , engineering ) To finely shave or bevel an edge.
( computer graphics ) To intergrade or blend the pixels of an image with those of a background or neighboring image. To adorn, as with feathers; to fringe.
Sir Walter Scott
A few birches and oaks still
feathered the narrow ravines. To render light as a feather; to give wings to.
The Polonian story perhaps may
feather some tedious hours. To
enrich; to exalt; to benefit.
They stuck not to say that the king cared not to plume his nobility and people to
(Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?) To
tread, as a cock.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
To arrange in the manner of feathers
Rowing: To rotate the oars while they are out of the water
Aeronautics: To streamline an aircraft's propeller blades when shut down
Carpentry, Engineering: To finely shave or bevel an edge
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
skodde ( rotate the oars )
References [ edit ]
Anagrams [ edit ]