toll

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See also: töll and Tõll

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English tol, tolle, from Old English tol, toll, toln (toll, duty, custom), from Proto-Germanic *tullō (what is counted or told), from Proto-Indo-European *dol- (calculation, fraud)[1]. Cognate with Dutch tol (toll), German Zoll (toll, duty, customs), Danish told (toll, duty, tariff), Swedish tull (toll, customs), Icelandic tollur (toll), Latin dolus (trick, deception). More at tell, tale.

Alternate etymology derives Old English toll, from Medieval Latin tolōneum, tolōnium, alteration (due to the Germanic forms above) of Latin telōneum, from Ancient Greek τελώνιον (telṓnion, toll-house), from τέλος (télos, tax).

Noun[edit]

toll (plural tolls)

  1. Loss or damage incurred through a disaster.
    The war has taken its toll on the people.
  2. A fee paid for some liberty or privilege, particularly for the privilege of passing over a bridge or on a highway, or for that of vending goods in a fair, market, etc.
  3. (business) A fee for using any kind of material processing service.
    We can handle on a toll basis your needs for spray drying, repackaging, crushing and grinding, and dry blending.
  4. (US) A tollbooth.
    We will be replacing some manned tolls with high-speed device readers.
  5. (UK, law, obsolete) A liberty to buy and sell within the bounds of a manor.
  6. A portion of grain taken by a miller as a compensation for grinding.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitney, The Century dictionary and cyclopedia, toll.

Verb[edit]

toll (third-person singular simple present tolls, present participle tolling, simple past and past participle tolled)

  1. (transitive) To impose a fee for the use of.
    Once more it is proposed to toll the East River bridges.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To levy a toll on (someone or something).
    • Shakespeare
      No Italian priest / Shall tithe or toll in our dominions.
  3. (transitive) To take as a toll.
  4. To pay a toll or tallage.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably the same as Etymology 3. Possibly related to or influenced by toil

Noun[edit]

toll (plural tolls)

  1. The act or sound of tolling
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

toll (third-person singular simple present tolls, present participle tolling, simple past and past participle tolled)

  1. (ergative) To ring (a bell) slowly and repeatedly.
    Martin tolled the great bell every day.
    Ask not for whom the bell tolls.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses, Episode 12, The Cyclops
      From the belfries far and near the funereal deathbell tolled unceasingly while all around the gloomy precincts rolled the ominous warning of a hundred muffled drums punctuated by the hollow booming of pieces of ordnance.
  2. (transitive) To summon by ringing a bell.
    The ringer tolled the workers back from the fields for vespers.
    • Dryden
      When hollow murmurs of their evening bells / Dismiss the sleepy swains, and toll them to their cells.
  3. (transitive) To announce by tolling.
    The bells tolled the King’s death.
    • Beattie
      Slow tolls the village clock the drowsy hour.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English tolen, tollen, variation of tullen, tillen (to draw, allure, entice), from Old English *tyllan, *tillan (to pull, draw, attract) (found in compounds fortyllan (to seduce, lead astray, draw away from the mark, deceive) and betyllan, betillan (to lure, decoy)), related to Old Frisian tilla (to lift, raise), Dutch tillen (to lift, raise, weigh, buy), Low German tillen (to lift, remove), Swedish dialectal tille (to take up, appropriate).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

toll (third-person singular simple present tolls, present participle tolling, simple past and past participle tolled)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To draw; pull; tug; drag.
  2. (transitive) To tear in pieces.
  3. (transitive) To draw; entice; invite; allure.
    Hou many virgins shal she tolle and drawe to þe Lord - "Life of Our Lady"
  4. (transitive) To lure with bait (especially, fish and animals).
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Latin tollere.

Verb[edit]

toll (third-person singular simple present tolls, present participle tolling, simple past and past participle tolled)

  1. (law, obsolete) To take away; to vacate; to annul.
  2. (law) To suspend.
    The statute of limitations defense was tolled as a result of the defendant’s wrongful conduct.
Translations[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

toll m (plural tolls)

  1. pool, puddle

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German tol, from Proto-Germanic *dulaz (dazed, foolish, crazy, stupid), cognate with English dull. More at dull.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

toll (comparative toller, superlative am tollsten)

  1. great, nice, wonderful
  2. (dated) crazy, mad

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • toll in Duden online

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *tulka (feather, wing).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtolː/ (It is important to pronounce it with a long l, otherwise it will sound like tol (to push).)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

toll (plural tollak)

  1. feather
  2. pen

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [t̪ˠoːl̪ˠ], [t̪ˠɔl̪ˠ]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish toll (hole, hollow; buttocks, hindquarters).

Noun[edit]

toll m (genitive toill, nominative plural toill)

  1. hole, hollow
  2. (anatomy) posterior, buttocks
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish toll (pierced, perforated; hollow, empty).

Adjective[edit]

toll

  1. pierced, perforated
  2. hollow, empty; (of voice) deep, hollow
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Irish tollaid (pierces; penetrates).

Verb[edit]

toll (present analytic tollann, future analytic tollfaidh, verbal noun tolladh, past participle tollta)

  1. bore, pierce, perforate
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
toll tholl dtoll
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed into Germanic (*tolla-) from Vulgar Latin toloneum, from Late Latin teloneum, from Ancient Greek τελώνιον (telṓnion, toll-house), from τέλος (télos, tax). Germanic cognates include Old Saxon tol (Dutch tol), Old High German zol (German Zoll), Old Norse tollr (Swedish tull). See also parallel forms represented by Old English toln.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

toll n

  1. tax, toll, fare

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish toll (hole, hollow; buttocks, hindquarters).

Noun[edit]

toll m (genitive and plural tuill)

  1. hole, cavity, puncture, hollow
  2. crevice, perforation
  3. pit
  4. socket
  5. (nautical) hold of a ship
  6. (vulgar) arse
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish tollaid (pierces; penetrates), from toll (hole, hollow).

Verb[edit]

toll (past tholl, future tollaidh, verbal noun tolladh, past participle tollte)

  1. bore, piece, drill, perforate

Skolt Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic. Cognates present in nearly all Uralic languages as exact counterparts of the reconstructed root, *tuli; see Finnish tuli.

Noun[edit]

toll

  1. fire

Ter Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic. Cognates present in nearly all Uralic languages as exact counterparts of the reconstructed root, *tuli; see Finnish tuli.

Noun[edit]

toll

  1. fire