toil

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English toilen, toylen, apparently a conflation of Anglo-Norman toiler (to agitate, stir up, entangle) (compare Old Northern French toiller, touellier ("to agitate, stir"; of unknown origin)), and Middle English tilen, telien, teolien, tolen, tolien, tulien (to till, work, labour), from Old English tilian, telian, teolian, tiolian (to exert oneself, toil, work, make, generate, strive after, try, endeavor, procure, obtain, gain, provide, tend, cherish, cultivate, till, plough, trade, traffic, aim at, aspire to, treat, cure) (compare Middle Dutch tuylen, teulen (to till, work, labour)), from Proto-Germanic *tilōną (to strive, reach for, aim for, hurry). Cognate with Scots tulyie (to quarrel, flite, contend).

Alternate etymology derives Middle English toilen, toylen from Middle Dutch tuylen, teulen (to work, labour, till), from tuyl (agriculture, labour, toil). Cognate with Old Frisian teula (to labour, toil), Old Frisian teule (labour, work). More at till.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

toil (plural toils)

  1. labour, work
    • 1908: Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows
      ...he set to work again and made the snow fly in all directions around him. After some further toil his efforts were rewarded, and a very shabby door-mat lay exposed to view.
  2. trouble, strife
  3. A net or snare; any thread, web, or string spread for taking prey; usually in the plural.
    • Denham
      As a Numidian lion, when first caught, / Endures the toil that holds him.
    • Dryden
      Then toils for beasts, and lime for birds, were found.

Translations[edit]

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Verb[edit]

toil (third-person singular simple present toils, present participle toiling, simple past and past participle toiled)

  1. (intransitive) To labour; work.
  2. (intransitive) To struggle.
  3. (transitive) To work (something); often with out.
    • Holland
      places well toiled and husbanded
    • Milton
      [I] toiled out my uncouth passage.
  4. (transitive) To weary through excessive labour.
    • Shakespeare
      toiled with works of war

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

toil

  1. conger eel

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish tol (will, desire).

Noun[edit]

toil f (genitive tola)

  1. will

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
toil thoil dtoil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish tol (will, desire).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [t̪ɔl], /t̪ʰɔl/

Noun[edit]

toil f (genitive toile, plural toilean)

  1. will, desire, volition, inclination
  2. delight, pleasure

Phrases[edit]

  • Is toil leum - I like
  • Mas e do thoil e - please

Derived terms[edit]

de:toil et:toil el:toil es:toil fr:toil ko:toil hy:toil io:toil kn:toil ka:toil ku:toil lt:toil hu:toil mg:toil ml:toil my:toil nl:toil pl:toil ru:toil fi:toil sv:toil ta:toil te:toil chr:toil vi:toil zh:toil