Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents German pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.
See German phonology at Wikipedia for a more thorough look at the sounds of German.
- ^ In Switzerland, Bavaria, and Austria often [r], the voiced alveolar trill.
- ^ IPA: /x/ is realized as a uvular fricative [χ] after [a], [aː], and often [ʊ], [ɔ], and [aʊ].
- ^ In many varieties of German except for Swiss Standard German, all initial vowels are preceded by ʔ.
- ^ [ɛː] is often replaced by [eː].
- Duden 6: Das Aussprachewörterbuch (3rd edition, 1990, ISBN 3-411-20916-X).