Tag

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See also: tag, tág, and tåg

German[edit]

Ein siderischer Tag der Erde. — A sidereal Earth day. (4)
Reichstag (7)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /taːk/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /tax/ (in northern and central Germany; chiefly colloquial)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aːk
  • Hyphenation: Tag

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German tag, tac, from Old High German tag, tac (attested since the 8th century); from Proto-Germanic *dagaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰegʷʰ- (to burn, to be illuminated).

Germanic cognates include Old Saxon dag (whence German Low German Dag), Old Dutch dag (whence Dutch dag, Afrikaans dag), Old English dæġ (whence Modern English day), West Frisian dei, Old Norse dagr (whence Icelandic dagur, Faroese dagur, Norwegian dag, Swedish dag, Danish dag) and Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌲𐍃 (dags).

Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian djeg (to burn), Latin foveo (to warm, nurture), favilla (cinders, ashes), Ancient Greek τέφρα (tephra), Lithuanian dãgas (hot season), Russian жечь (žeč’, to burn), Sanskrit दहति (dahati, to burn).

Although they are similar in appearance and meaning, German Tag and Proto-Germanic *dagaz are not related to Latin diēs as older folk etymology suggested; instead, the Latin word is derived from Proto-Indo-European *dyeu- *dyew- (to shine). See the Latvian diena (day) and Sanskrit दिन (diná, day) for more.[1]

Noun[edit]

Tag m (genitive Tags or Tages, plural Tage)

  1. a day; a period of time that lasts 24 hours
  2. a day; the period from midnight to the following midnight
    Der Tag fängt um Mitternacht an. — The day begins at midnight.
  3. a day; the period between sunrise and sunset when there is daylight
    Im Winter sind die Tage kürzer. — During the winter the days are shorter.
    Diese kurzen Tage verursachen Depressionen. — These short days cause feelings of depression.
    An den irdischen Polen dauert ein Tag sechs Monate — At the Earth's poles a day lasts about six months.
  4. (astronomy) a day, the rotational period of a planet, moon or any celestial body (especially Earth)
  5. the part of a day which one spends at work, school, etc
    Nun, wie war dein Tag? — Well, how was your day?
    Überstunden!? Was für ein Tag! — Overtime!? What a day!
  6. (idiomatic) a day; a specified time or period, considered with reference to the prominence or success (in life or in an an argument or conflict) of a person or thing
    Der Tag gehört uns. Gut gemacht, Männer!It's our day, now. Well done, men!
    Heute ist einfach nicht mein Tag.It's just not my day.
  7. (dated) a convention, a congress (now found chiefly in compounds such as Reichstag or Landtag)
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • The plural Tage has a special meaning ("menstruation").
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of the greeting guten Tag (good day).

Interjection[edit]

Tag

  1. (colloquial) hello; (good) day

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wolfgang Pfeifer, Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen (1995, 2005; München: dtv; ISBN 3423325119)

Polish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Tag m

  1. Tagus (river in Iberia)

Declension[edit]