draw

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Rhymes: -ɔː

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English drawen, dragen, from Old English draġan, from Proto-Germanic *draganą (compare West Frisian drage, Dutch dragen, German tragen ‘to carry’, Danish drage), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰreǵ- 'to draw, pull' (compare Albanian dredh ‘to turn, spin’, Old Armenian դառնամ (daṙnam, to turn), Sanskrit [script?] (dhrajas) ‘load’). See also drag, draught.

Verb[edit]

draw (third-person singular simple present draws, present participle drawing, simple past drew, past participle drawn)

  1. To move or develop something.
    1. To sketch; depict with lines; to produce a picture with pencil, crayon, chalk, etc. on paper, cardboard, etc.
      • Oliver Goldsmith (1730-1774)
        A flattering painter who made it his care / To draw men as they ought to be, not as they are.
      • Matthew Prior (1664-1721)
        Can I, untouched, the fair one's passions move, / Or thou draw beauty and not feel its power?
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 3, The China Governess[1]:
        Sepia Delft tiles surrounded the fireplace, their crudely drawn Biblical scenes in faded cyclamen blending with the pinkish pine, while above them, instead of a mantelshelf, there was an archway high enough to form a balcony with slender balusters and a tapestry-hung wall behind.
    2. To deduce or infer.
      He tried to draw a conclusion from the facts.
    3. (intransitive) (of drinks, especially tea) To leave temporarily so as to allow the flavour to increase.
      Tea is much nicer if you let it draw for three minutes before pouring.
    4. (transitive) To take or procure from a place of deposit; to call for and receive from a fund, etc.
      to draw money from a bank
    5. To take into the lungs; to inhale.
      • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter 1, The Purchase Price:
        Serene, smiling, enigmatic, she faced him with no fear whatever showing in her dark eyes. [] She put back a truant curl from her forehead where it had sought egress to the world, and looked him full in the face now, drawing a deep breath which caused the round of her bosom to lift the lace at her throat.
      • 1979, Monty Python, Always Look on the Bright Side of Life
        So always look on the bright side of death / Just before you draw your terminal breath
    6. (used with prepositions and adverbs) To move; to come or go.
      We drew back from the cliff edge.
      The runners drew level with each other as they approached the finish line.
      Draw near to the fire and I will tell you a tale.
    7. (transitive) To obtain from some cause or origin; to infer from evidence or reasons; to deduce from premises; to derive.
      • Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
        We do not draw the moral lessons we might from history.
    8. (transitive, obsolete) To withdraw.
    9. (archaic) To draw up (a document).
      to draw a memorial, a deed, or bill of exchange
  2. (physical) To exert or experience force.
    1. (transitive) To drag, pull.
      • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, Lord Stranleigh Abroad:
        “[…] No rogue e’er felt the halter draw, with a good opinion of the law, and perhaps my own detestation of the law arises from my having frequently broken it. […]”
      • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot, Chapter VIII
        Lys shuddered, and I put my arm around her and drew her to me; and thus we sat throughout the hot night. She told me of her abduction and of the fright she had undergone, and together we thanked God that she had come through unharmed, because the great brute had dared not pause along the danger-infested way.
      • 1945, George Orwell, Animal Farm, chapter 1
        At the last moment Mollie, the foolish, pretty white mare who drew Mr. Jones's trap, came mincing daintily in, chewing at a lump of sugar.
    2. (intransitive) To pull; to exert strength in drawing anything; to have force to move anything by pulling.
      This horse draws well.
      A ship's sail is said to draw when it is filled with wind.
    3. To pull out (as a gun from a holster, or a tooth).
      One fine day in the middle of the night, / two dead men got up to fight. / Back to back they faced each other, / Drew their swords and shot each other.
    4. To undergo the action of pulling or dragging.
      The carriage draws easily.
    5. (archery) To pull back the bowstring and its arrow in preparation for shooting.
    6. (of curtains, etc.) To close.
      You should draw the curtains at night.
    7. (card games) To take the top card of a deck into hand.
      At the start of their turn, each player must draw a card.
  3. (fluidic) To remove or separate or displace.
    1. To extract a liquid, or cause a liquid to come out, primarily water or blood.
      draw water from a well;  draw water for a bath;  the wound drew blood
      • Bible, John iv. 11
        The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep.
      • George Cheyne (1671-1743)
        Spirits, by distillations, may be drawn out of vegetable juices, which shall flame and fume of themselves.
    2. To drain by emptying; to suck dry.
    3. (figuratively) To extract; to force out; to elicit; to derive.
    4. To sink in water; to require a depth for floating.
      A ship draws ten feet of water.
    5. (intransitive, medicine, dated) To work as an epispastic; said of a blister, poultice, etc.
    6. (intransitive, dated) To have a draught; to transmit smoke, gases, etc.
      A chimney or flue draws.
    7. (analogous) To consume, for example, power.
      The circuit draws three hundred watts.
  4. To change in size or shape.
    1. To extend in length; to lengthen; to protract; to stretch.
      to draw a mass of metal into wire
    2. (intransitive) To become contracted; to shrink.
  5. To attract or be attracted.
    1. To attract.
      The citizens were afraid the casino would draw an undesirable element to their town.  I was drawn to her.
      • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 5, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
        When you're well enough off so's you don't have to fret about anything but your heft or your diseases you begin to get queer, I suppose. And the queerer the cure for those ailings the bigger the attraction. A place like the Right Livers' Rest was bound to draw freaks, same as molasses draws flies.
      • 1935, George Goodchild, chapter 5, Death on the Centre Court:
        By one o'clock the place was choc-a-bloc. […] The restaurant was packed, and the promenade between the two main courts and the subsidiary courts was thronged with healthy-looking youngish people, drawn to the Mecca of tennis from all parts of the country.
    2. (hunting) To search for game.
    3. To cause.
      • 2011 July 3, Piers Newbury, “Wimbledon 2011: Novak Djokovic beats Rafael Nadal in final”, BBC Sport:
        In a desperately tight opening set, the pace and accuracy of the Serbian's groundstrokes began to draw errors from the usually faultless Nadal and earned him the first break point of the day at 5-4.
    4. (intransitive) To exert an attractive force; to act as an inducement or enticement.
      • Joseph Addison (1672-1719)
        Keep a watch upon the particular bias of their minds, that it may not draw too much.
  6. (Usually as draw on or draw upon): to rely on; utilize as a source.
    She had to draw upon her experience to solve the problem.
  7. To disembowel.
    He will be hanged, drawn and quartered.
    • William King (1663-1712)
      In private draw your poultry, clean your tripe.
  8. (transitive or intransitive) To end a game in a draw (with neither side winning).
    We drew last time we played.  I drew him last time I played him.  I drew my last game against him.
    • 1922, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Chessmen of Mars, edition HTML, The Gutenberg Project, published 2010:
      The game is won when a player places any of his pieces on the same square with his opponent's Princess, or when a Chief takes a Chief. It is drawn when a Chief is taken by any opposing piece other than the opposing Chief; []
  9. (stochastic) A random process.
    1. To select by the drawing of lots.
      The winning lottery numbers were drawn every Tuesday.
    2. (transitive) To win in a lottery or similar game of chance.
      He drew a prize.
    3. (poker) To trade in cards for replacements in draw poker games; to attempt to improve one's hand with future cards. See also draw out.
      Jill has four diamonds; she'll try to draw for a flush.
  10. (curling) To make a shot that lands in the house without hitting another stone.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

draw (plural draws)

  1. The result of a contest in which neither side has won; a tie.
    The game ended in a draw.
  2. The procedure by which the result of a lottery is determined.
    The draw is on Saturday.
    • 2011 January 29, Chris Bevan, “Torquay 0 - 1 Crawley Town”, BBC:
      Having spent more than £500,000 on players last summer, Crawley can hardly be classed as minnows but they have still punched way above their weight and this kind of performance means no-one will relish pulling them out of the hat in Sunday's draw.
  3. (cricket) The result of a two-innings match in which at least one side did not complete all their innings before time ran out. Different from a tie.
  4. (golf) A golf shot that (for the right-handed player) curves intentionally to the left. See hook, slice, fade
  5. (curling) A shot that lands in the house without hitting another stone.
  6. (geography) A dry stream bed that drains surface water only during periods of heavy rain or flooding.
    • 1918, Willa Cather, My Antonia, Mirado Modern Classics, paperback edition, page 15
      The garden, curiously enough, was a quarter of a mile from the house, and the way to it led up a shallow draw past the cattle corral.
  7. (colloquial) Cannabis.
  8. In a commission-based job, an advance on future (potential) commissions given to an employee by the employer.
  9. (poker) A situation in which one or more players has four cards of the same suit or four out of five necessary cards for a straight and requires a further card to make their flush or straight.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Ryan Wiseman, Earn $30,000 Per Month Playing Online Poker: A Step-By-Step Guide to Single, page 82:
      The player to your left immediately raises you the minimum by clicking the raise button. This action immediately suggests that he's on a draw
  10. The schedule of games in a sports league - NRL Fixtures - 2011 NRL Draw
  11. (archery) The act of pulling back the strings in preparation of firing.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (The result of a contest in which neither side has won): stalemate
  • (dry stream bed that drains water during periods of heavy precipitation): dry creek

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Anagrams[edit]