English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , washen , waschen , from weschen Old English , wascan ( wæscan “ to wash, cleanse, bathe, lave ”), from Proto-Germanic , *waskaną ( *watskaną “ to wash, get wet ”), from Proto-Indo-European ( *wod- “ wet; water ”). Cognate with West Frisian , Dutch waskje , wassen ( wasschen “ to wash ”), Low German ( waschen “ to wash ”), German ( waschen “ to wash ”), Danish ( vaske “ to wash ”), Swedish ( vaska “ to wash ”), Icelandic ( vaska “ to wash ”).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
wash ( third-person singular simple present , washes present participle , washing simple past , , washed wesh ( obsolete or dialectal , or ) woosh ( obsolete or dialectal ) past participle ) or washed washen ( archaic dialectal , )
To clean with
The car is so dirty, we need to wash it.
Dishwashers wash dishes much more efficiently than most humans.
( transitive ) To move or erode by the force of water in motion.
Heavy rains wash a road or an embankment.
The flood washed away houses.
( mining ) To separate valuable material (such as gold) from worthless material by the action of flowing water.
( intransitive ) To clean oneself with water.
I wash every morning after getting up.
( transitive ) To cover with water or any liquid; to wet; to fall on and moisten.
Waves wash the shore.
washed with dew Longfellow
washed with a cold, grey mist
( intransitive ) To be eroded or carried away by the action of water.
( intransitive , figuratively ) To be cogent, convincing; to withstand critique.
( intransitive ) To bear without injury the operation of being washed.
Some calicoes do not wash.
( intransitive ) To be wasted or worn away by the action of water, as by a running or overflowing stream, or by the dashing of the sea; said of road, a beach, etc. To cover with a thin or watery coat of colour; to tint lightly and thinly.
To overlay with a thin coat of metal.
steel washed with silver
Derived terms [ edit ]
Terms derived from
Translations [ edit ]
to clean with water
( غسل ġasala) Aramaic:
( ܣܚܐ sħā) Armenian:
( լվալ lval), ( լվանալ lvanal) Aromanian:
, spel , aspel lau Azeri:
yumaq (az) Belarusian:
( мыць mycʹ) , impf . ( памыць pamýcʹ) ; pf . ( of clothes ) ( праць pracʹ) impf . Bengali:
( ধোয়া dhoa), ( ধোওয়া dhoa) Bulgarian:
мия ( (bg) míja) Burmese:
ဆေး ( (my) hse:) Catalan:
rentar, llavar (ca) Chinese:
洗 ( (zh) xǐ), , 洗滌 洗涤 ( (zh) xǐdí), , 沖洗 冲洗 ( (zh) chōngxǐ) Classical Nahuatl:
pāca Crimean Tatar:
mýt ( (cs) dishes), prát ( (cs) laundry) Danish:
vaske (da) Dutch:
wassen (nl) Esperanto:
pestä , (fi) tiskata , (fi) pyykätä (fi) French:
laver (fr) Friulian:
Georgian: please add this translation if you can German:
waschen , (de) spülen (de) Greek:
πλένω ( (el) pléno) Haitian Creole:
( רחץ rakháts), ( שטף shatáf) Hindi:
धोना ( (hi) dhonā) Hungarian:
mos , (hu) kimos (hu) Icelandic:
þvo (is) Ido:
lavar (io) Indonesian:
mencuci (id) Irish:
lavare (it) Japanese:
洗う ( (ja) あらう, arau) Jèrriais:
( жуу jww) Khmer:
លាង ( (km) lieng) Korean:
씻다 ( (ko) ssitda)
şûştin (شووشتن) (ku) Sorani:
( شوشتن şuştin) Kyrgyz:
( жууш cuuş) Lao:
ລ້າງ (lo) Latin:
lavō Low German:
( мие míe) Malay:
( угаалга ugaalga) Norwegian:
, tvette vaske (no) Occitan:
lavar (oc) Old English:
þwēan Old High German:
dwahan Old Norse:
þvó, þvætta Persian:
شستن ( (fa) šostan) Polish:
myć , (pl) ( of clothes ) prać (pl) Portuguese:
lavar (pt) Rohingya:
thovel Romanian: a
, lavar laver Russian:
мыть ( (ru) mytʹ) , impf . помыть ( (ru) pomýtʹ) , pf . вымыть ( (ru) výmytʹ) ; pf . ( of clothes ) стирать ( (ru) stirátʹ) , impf . постирать ( (ru) postirátʹ) pf . Sardinian:
, samunài , samunàe , samunàre , sciacuai labare Scottish Gaelic:
, мити прати ( clothes ) Roman:
, miti prati ( clothes ) Sicilian:
Sinhalese: please add this translation if you can Slovak:
, myť prať ( laundry ) Slovene:
, miti prati ( laundry ) Spanish:
lavar (es) Swedish:
tvätta (sv) Tamil:
கழுவு ( (ta) kazhuvu) Telugu:
కడుగు (kaDugu) (te) non-clothing, ఉతుకు (utuku) (te) clothes Thai:
( ซัก sák), ( of clothes ) ล้าง ( (th) láang) Turkish:
yıkamak (tr) Turkmen:
( чуур čuur) Ukrainian:
( мити mýty), ( of clothes ) ( прати práty) Urdu:
( دھونا dhonā) Uzbek:
, yuvmoq yuvinmoq Vietnamese:
rửa , (vi) giặt (vi) Volapük:
lavön (vo) West Frisian:
to move by the force of water in motion
to separate valuable material
wash ( plural ) washes
A drawing and wash by
The process or an instance of washing or being washed by water or other liquid.
I'm going to have a quick wash before coming to bed.
My jacket needs a wash. A liquid used for washing.
The quantity of clothes washed at a time.
There's a lot in that wash: maybe you should split it into two piles.
( art ) A smooth and translucent painting created using a paintbrush holding a large amount of solvent and a small amount of paint. The sound of breaking of the seas, e.g., on the shore.
I could hear the wash of the wave. The
wake of a moving ship.
The ship left a big wash
Sail away from the wash to avoid rocking the boat. The
turbulence left in the air by a moving airplane. A
lotion or other liquid with medicinal or hygienic properties.
hand wash Ground washed away to the sea or a river.
wash of pastures, fields, commons, and roads, where rain water hath a long time settled. A piece of ground washed by the action of water, or sometimes covered and sometimes left dry; the shallowest part of a river, or arm of the sea; also, a
bog; a marsh.
washes have devoured them. A shallow body of water.
In arid and semi-arid regions, the normally dry bed of an intermittent or ephemeral stream; an
1997, Stanley Desmond Smith, et al. Physiological Ecology of North American Desert Plants, Nature
In some desert-
wash systems (which have been termed “xero-riparian”)
1999, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, A Natural History of the Sonoran Desert
...though the wash may carry surface water for only a few hours a year.
2005, Le Hayes, Pilgrims in the Desert: The Early History of the East Mojave Desert
Wash continues a short distance then joins Watson Wash. Water from Rock Spring comes out of the boulder strewn wash and disappears into the sand Something where no progress is made, where nothing changes; a
His first week at the new job was a wash, since he spent so much time learning the system instead of using it. Waste liquid, the refuse of food, the collection from washed dishes, etc., from a kitchen, often used as food for pigs;
(Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?) In
distilling, the fermented wort before the spirit is extracted. A mixture of
dunder, molasses, water, and scummings, used in the West Indies for distillation.
(Can we find and add a quotation of B. Edwards to this entry?) A thin
coat of metal laid on anything for beauty or preservation.
( nautical ) The blade of an oar. The backward current or disturbed water caused by the action of oars, or of a steamer's screw or paddles, etc.
strikes, or bushels, of oysters.
Derived terms [ edit ]
terms derived from wash (noun)
Translations [ edit ]
process or an instance of washing or being washed by water
turbulence left by airplane
ground washed away to the sea or a river
the normally dry bed of an intermittent or ephemeral stream - a
Anagrams [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene)