finance

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: fīnăns
  • IPA(key): /ˈfaɪ.næns/, /fəˈnæns/
  • Hyphenation: fi‧nance
  • Rhymes: -æns

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English finaunce, from Anglo-Norman, Middle French finance, from finer (to pay ransom) (whence also English fine (to pay a penalty)), from fin (end), from Latin fīnis.[1][2]

Original English sense c. 1400 was “ending”. Sense of “ending/satisfying a debt” came from French influence: in sense of “ransom” mid 15th century, in sense of “taxation” late 15th century. In sense of “manage money” first recorded 1770.[1]

Noun[edit]

finance (plural finances)

  1. The management of money and other assets.
    • 1908, Aristotle, The works of Aristotle translated into English, volume 10, translation of Politics by John Alexander Smith, William David Ross, published 4th Century BCE:
      And statesmen as well ought to know these things; for a state is often as much in want of money and of such devices for obtaining it as a household, or even more so; hence some public men devote themselves entirely to finance.
    • 2013 June 1, “End of the peer show”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 71: 
      Finance is seldom romantic. But the idea of peer-to-peer lending comes close. This is an industry that brings together individual savers and lenders on online platforms. Those that want to borrow are matched with those that want to lend.
  2. The science of management of money and other assets.
  3. (usually in plural) Monetary resources, especially those of a public entity or a company.
    Who's really in charge of a democracy's finances?

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

External links[edit]

Verb[edit]

finance (third-person singular simple present finances, present participle financing, simple past and past participle financed)

  1. To provide or obtain funding for a transaction or undertaking; to back; to support.
    His parents financed his college education.
    He financed his home purchase through a local credit union.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 finance” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
  2. ^ finance” in The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.
  • finance” in The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.
  • finance” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
  • "finance" in WordNet 2.0, Princeton University, 2003.
  • "finance" in the Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary (Beta Version), K Dictionaries limited, 2000-2006.

Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

finance ?

  1. finances

Related terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Adverb[edit]

finance

  1. financially

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin financius.

Noun[edit]

finance f (plural finances)

  1. finance