stock

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See also: Stock and -stock

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old English stocc, with modern senses mostly referring either to the trunk from which the tree grows (figuratively, its origin and/or support/foundation), or to a piece of wood, stick, or rod. How the senses of "supply" and "raw material" developed from these is unclear, however.

Noun[edit]

stock (countable and uncountable, plural stocks)

  1. A store or supply
    1. (operations) A store of goods ready for sale; inventory.
      We have a stock of televisions on hand.
    2. A supply of anything ready for use.
      Lay in a stock of wood for the winter season.
    3. Railroad rolling stock.
    4. In a card game, a stack of undealt cards made available to the players.
    5. Farm or ranch animals; livestock.
    6. The population of a given type of animal (especially fish) available to be captured from the wild for economic use.
  2. (finance) The capital raised by a company through the issue of shares. The total of shares held by an individual shareholder.
    1. The price or value of the stock for a company on the stock market
      When the bad news came out, the company's stock dropped precipitously.
    2. (figuratively) The measure of how highly a person or institution is valued.
      After that last screw-up of mine, my stock is pretty low around here.
    3. Any of several types of security that are similar to a stock, or marketed like one.
  3. The raw material from which things are made; feedstock
    1. The type of paper used in printing.
      The books were printed on a heavier stock this year.
    2. Undeveloped film; film stock
  4. Stock theater, summer stock theater
  5. The trunk and woody main stems of a tree. The base from which something grows or branches.
    • Bible, Job xiv. 8,9
      Though the root thereof wax old in the earth, and the stock thereof die in the ground, yet through the scent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs like a plant.
    1. (horticulture) The plant upon which the scion is grafted.
      • Francis Bacon
        The scion overruleth the stock quite.
    2. lineage, family, ancestry
      1. (linguistics) A larger grouping of language families: a superfamily or macrofamily.
  6. Any of the several species of cruciferous flowers in the genus Matthiola.
  7. A handle or stem to which the working part of an implement or weapon is attached
    1. The part of a rifle or shotgun that rests against the shooter's shoulder.
    2. The handle of a whip, fishing rod, etc.
  8. Part of a machine that supports items or holds them in place.
    1. The headstock of a lathe, drill, etc.
    2. The tailstock of a lathe
  9. A bar, stick or rod
    1. A ski pole
    2. (nautical) A bar going through an anchor, perpendicular to the flukes.
    3. (nautical) The axle attached to the rudder, which transfers the movement of the helm to the rudder.
    4. (geology) A pipe (vertical cylinder of ore)
  10. A bed for infants; a crib, cot, or cradle
  11. (folklore) A piece of wood magically made to be just like a real baby and substituted for it by magical beings.
  12. (uncountable, countable) Broth made from meat (originally bones) or vegetables, used as a basis for stew or soup.
  13. A necktie or cravat, particularly a wide necktie popular in the eighteenth century, often seen today as a part of formal wear for horse riding competitions.
    • 1915, W.S. Maugham, "Of Human Bondage", chapter 116:
      He wore a brown tweed suit and a white stock. His clothes hung loosely about him as though they had been made for a much larger man. He looked like a respectable farmer of the middle of the nineteenth century.
    • 1978, Lawrence Durrell, Livia, Faber & Faber 1992 (Avignon Quintet), p. 417:
      His grey waistcoat sported pearl buttons, and he wore a stock which set off to admiration a lean and aquiline face which was almost as grey as the rest of him.
  14. A piece of black cloth worn under a clerical collar.
  15. (obsolete) A cover for the legs; a stocking
  16. A block of wood; something fixed and solid; a pillar; a firm support; a post.
    • Milton
      All our fathers worshipped stocks and stones.
    • Fuller
      Item, for a stock of brass for the holy water, seven shillings; which, by the canon, must be of marble or metal, and in no case of brick.
  17. (by extension, obsolete) A person who is as dull and lifeless as a stock or post; one who has little sense.
    • Shakespeare
      Let's be no stoics, nor no stocks.
  18. (UK, historical) The part of a tally formerly struck in the exchequer, which was delivered to the person who had lent the king money on account, as the evidence of indebtedness.
  19. A thrust with a rapier; a stoccado.
  20. (shipbuilding, in the plural) The frame or timbers on which a ship rests during construction.
  21. (UK, in the plural) Red and grey bricks, used for the exterior of walls and the front of buildings.
  22. (biology) In tectology, an aggregate or colony of persons, such as as trees, chains of salpae, etc.
  23. The beater of a fulling mill.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

stock (third-person singular simple present stocks, present participle stocking, simple past and past participle stocked)

  1. To have on hand for sale.
    The store stocks all kinds of dried vegetables.
  2. To provide with material requisites; to store; to fill; to supply.
    to stock a warehouse with goods
    to stock a farm, i.e. to supply it with cattle and tools
    to stock land, i.e. to occupy it with a permanent growth, especially of grass
  3. To suffer (cows) to retain milk for twenty-four hours or more prior to sale.
  4. To put in the stocks as punishment.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

stock (not comparable)

  1. Of a type normally available for purchase/in stock.
    stock items
    stock sizes
  2. (racing, of a race car) Having the same configuration as cars sold to the non-racing public, or having been modified from such a car.
  3. Straightforward, ordinary, very basic.
    That band is quite stock
    He gave me a stock answer

Translations[edit]

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Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English

Noun[edit]

stock m (plural stocks, diminutive stockje n)

  1. stock, goods in supply
  2. basic capital
  3. shares (equity)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English stock.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stock m (plural stocks)

  1. stock, goods in supply

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English stock.

Noun[edit]

stock

  1. stock, goods in supply, inventory

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

stock c

  1. a log (trunk of a dead tree)
  2. a stock (of a gun)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]