log

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: lóg, lög, and løg

Translingual[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Symbol[edit]

log

  1. (mathematics) logarithm
    if x=b^y then \log_{b}(x)=y

Synonyms[edit]

  • (with base e) ln
  • (with base 10) lg

Usage notes[edit]

If not specified, the assumed base of the logarithm is either 10 or e, depending on context.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English logge, of unknown origin. That it descends from Old Norse lág (a felled tree)[1] is widely doubted on phonological grounds; an alternative is sound expression of the notion of something massive.

Noun[edit]

log (plural logs)

  1. The trunk of a dead tree, cleared of branches.
    They walked across the stream on a fallen log.
  2. Any bulky piece as cut from the above, used as timber, fuel etc.
    • 1995: New American Standard Bible: Matthew 7, 3 – 5
      Why do you look at the speck that is in your brother's eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? Or how can you say to your brother, "Let me take the speck out of your eye," and behold, the log is in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother's eye.
  3. Anything shaped like a log; a cylinder.
    • 1999, Glen Duncan, Hope
      [] it was a thing of sinuous durability, wound around the spirit like a tapeworm around a log of shit.
    • 2011, Edward Espe Brown, The Complete Tassajara Cookbook
      Dip both sides in the sauce on the plate and then arrange a log of cheese filling down the middle of the tortilla.
  4. (nautical) A floating device, usually of wood, used in navigation to estimate the speed of a vessel through water.
  5. A logbook.
  6. (figuratively) A blockhead; a very stupid person.
  7. (surfing slang) A longboard.
    • 1999, Neal Miyake [1]
      I know he hadn’t surfed on a log much in his childhood
  8. (figuratively) A rolled cake with filling.
  9. (mining) A weight or block near the free end of a hoisting rope to prevent it from being drawn through the sheave.
  10. (vulgar) A piece of feces.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (logbook):
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

log (third-person singular simple present logs, present participle logging, simple past and past participle logged)

  1. (transitive) To cut trees into logs.
  2. (transitive) To cut down (trees).
    • 2013 June 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 29: 
      Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia. The cheapest way to clear logged woodland is to burn it, producing an acrid cloud of foul white smoke that, carried by the wind, can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of square miles.
  3. (transitive) To travel at a specified speed, as ascertained by chip log.
  4. (intransitive) To cut down trees in an area, harvesting and transporting the logs as wood.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From logbook, itself from log (above) + book

Noun[edit]

log (plural logs)

  1. A logbook, or journal of a vessel (or aircraft)'s progress
  2. A chronological record of actions, performances, computer/network usage, etc.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

log (third-person singular simple present logs, present participle logging, simple past and past participle logged)

  1. (transitive) To make, to add an entry (or more) in a log or logbook.
    to log the miles travelled by a ship
  2. (transitive) To travel (a distance) as shown in a logbook
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

log (third-person singular simple present logs, present participle logging, simple past and past participle logged)

  1. (obsolete) To move to and fro; to rock.

Etymology 4[edit]

Hebrew

Noun[edit]

log (plural logs)

  1. A Hebrew measure of liquids, containing 2.37 gills.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of W. H. Ward to this entry?)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ log in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *legh- 'to put down, to lie down'. Compare Old Frisian lōch, Middle High German urlage (fate, battle), Old English log 'place', Old Norse løgi (tranquillity), Greek λόχος (lóchos, confinement), Tocharian A lake, Tocharian B leke 'lair', Old Irish lige (bad, grave).

Noun[edit]

log m (indefinite plural logje, definite singular logu, definite plural logët)

  1. battlefield, ground (where warriors or men gather for council)
  2. level patch (of ground)
Related terms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Presumably Germanic, cognates may include English log, lag, Middle Low German luggich 'slow'

Adjective[edit]

log (comparative logger, superlative logst)

  1. lumbering, inert, slow in movement; immobile
  2. (originally) plumb, (too) heavy in built ande/or weight
  3. cumbersome, hard to move or change
  4. dull, uninspired
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Germanic: cognate with liegen 'to (tell a) lie', German lügen

Noun[edit]

log n (plural loggen, diminutive logje n)

  1. A lie, violation of the truth
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Germanic: from equivalent German Loch 'hole, opening, cavity'

Noun[edit]

log n (plural loggen)

  1. (obsolete) An alternative form of loch
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Germanic: from English log (see above), sense (and short for) chip log

Noun[edit]

log m (plural loggen, diminutive logje n)

  1. A chip log, instrument to measure a vessel's speed
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

German[edit]

Verb[edit]

log

  1. First-person singular preterite of lügen.
  2. Third-person singular preterite of lügen.

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

log

  1. vocative singular of logs

Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /loːɡ/, [loːɣ]

Etymology 1[edit]

Proto-Germanic *lōgą, from Proto-Indo-European *legh-. Cognate with Old Frisian lōch, Old High German luog. The Indo-European root is also the source of Greek λέκτρον (léktron), Latin lectus (bed), Albanian log (place for men, gathering), Celtic *leg- (Old Irish lige, Irish luighe), Slavic *ležati (Russian лежать (ležát’)).

Noun[edit]

lōg n

  1. A place, stead
    on his log: in his place; instead of him.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected forms.

Verb[edit]

lōg

  1. first-person singular preterite of lēan
  2. third-person singular preterite of lēan

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lóg m inan (genitive lóga, nominative plural lógi)

  1. grove
  2. small forest

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

log

  1. past tense of le.

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of French le and German Auge

Noun[edit]

log (plural logs)

  1. eye

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]