Appendix:Slovene pronunciation

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

The charts below show how Slovene words are pronounced and how this is represented in Wiktionary.

Accent and tone marks are not part of the standard orthography, but are found in dictionaries. The vowel spellings are given in the standard orthography, in the stress-based diacritic orthography and the tonal diacritic orthography respectively. The stress-based orthography is used in Wiktionary entries, while the tonal orthography is given in the "Pronunciation" section of entries. See Wiktionary:About Slovene for more details.

English approximations are in some cases very loose, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See w:Slovene phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.

Consonants
IPA Letter Examples nearest English equivalent
b b biti beet
d d dan done
ez jazz
f f film film
ɡ g gora gore
j j jaz yaw
k k kola cola
l l les less
m m morje more
n n ne no
p p pet pet
r r robot robot (trilled)
ər vrba US: verb (trilled)
s s stol stole
ʃ š šola shell
t t tata tatoo
ts c car tsar
č čas chess
ʋ[1] v voda van
w l (ł[2]), v bil, cerkev water
x h hiba huge
z z zima zoo
ʒ ž žaba vision
Vowels
IPA Letter Stress
orth.
Tonal
orth.
Examples nearest English equivalent
a a à, a ȁ, a jàz car
á á, ȃ žába father
ə e è, e[3] ə̏, ə̀, ə pès wallet
ɛ ȅ, e mèt let
ɛː ê é, ȇ zêmlja there
é ẹ́, ẹ̑ kréda late
i i ì, i ȉ, i bìk happy
í í, ȋ líst least
ɔ o ò, o ȍ, o òn spot
ɔː ô ó, ȏ pôtok thought
ó ọ́, ọ̑ mórje goat
u u ù, u ȕ, u krùh book
ú ú, ȗ trúp scoop

Tones[edit]

Tones and vowel length
IPA Stress
orth.
Tonal
orth.
Examples explanation
àː á á bráti long vowel with low/rising tone
áː ȃ brȃt long vowel with high/falling tone
à à à short vowel with low/rising tone (appears only on /ə/)
á ȁ brȁt short vowel with high/falling tone

The following tables show the possible combinations of tone/length and vowel quality, given in the three representations used in Wiktionary entries:

IPA
a ɛ e i ɔ o u ər ə
Long low/rising tone àː ɛ̀ː èː ìː ɔ̀ː òː ùː ə̀r
Long high/falling tone áː ɛ́ː éː íː ɔ́ː óː úː ə́r
Short low/rising tone ə̀
Short high/falling tone á ɛ́ í ɔ́ ú ə́
Unstressed a ɛ i ɔ u ər ə
Tonal diacritics
a e i o u r ə
Long low/rising tone á é ẹ́ í ó ọ́ ú ŕ
Long high/falling tone ȃ ȇ ẹ̑ ȋ ȏ ọ̑ ȗ ȓ
Short low/rising tone ǝ̀
Short high/falling tone ȁ ȅ ȉ ȍ ȕ ə̏
Unstressed a e i o u r ə
Stress diacritics
a ê/e é i ô/o ó u r ə
Long low/rising tone á ê é í ô ó ú ŕ
Long high/falling tone
Short low/rising tone à è ì ò ù è[3]
Short high/falling tone
Unstressed a e i o u r e

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ V is a light fricative, more precisely transcribed [v] or [v̞]. However, it does not behave as a fricative, in that it does not devoice to [f] before a voiceless consonant, and does not cause preceding voiceless consonants to become voiced.
  2. ^ In the tonal orthography used on Wiktionary, the letter ł is used to indicate the sound /w/ when the spelling has <l>.
  3. 3.0 3.1 In the stress orthography used on Wiktionary, /ə/ is not distinguished from /ɛ/. They are distinguished in the tonal orthography.