bed

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: B.Ed., BED, and beð

English[edit]

A bed (furniture)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bed, bedde, from Old English bedd (bed, couch, resting-place; garden-bed, plot), from Proto-Germanic *badją (bed), perhaps (if originally "dug sleeping-place") from Proto-Indo-European *bʰedʰ- (to dig). Cognate with Scots bed, bede (bed), North Frisian baad, beed (bed), West Frisian bêd (bed), Low German Bedd, Dutch bed (bed), German Bett (bed), Danish bed, Swedish bädd (bed), Icelandic beður (bed), and (through Proto-Indo-European, if the above etymology is correct) with Ancient Greek βοθυρος (bothuros, pit), Latin fossa (ditch), Latvian bedre (hole), Welsh bedd (grave), Breton bez (grave); and probably also Russian бодать (bodatʹ).

The traditional etymology as a derivation from the Proto-Indo-European verb for 'to dig' has been doubted, arguing that there are (allegedly) few, if any, cultures known to dig out beds, rather than to build "pads". However, what the Germanic word originally referred to is not known with precision, and it notably has the additional meaning "flower-bed, plot" (preserved in English and several other modern Germanic languages, but present in older stages as well; in Modern German, two separate words exist as the result of a paradigm split: Bett, specialised to the meaning "(human) sleeping-place", is a back-formation from the Old High German genitive bettes, while Beet, specialised to the meaning "flower-bed, garden plot", continues the Old High German nominative/accusative beti), which fits the traditional derivation. Perhaps the word originally referred to dug sleeping-places of animals, compare (with the inverse semantic development) lair from Old English leġer (couch, bed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bed (plural beds)

  1. A piece of furniture, usually flat and soft, for resting or sleeping on.
    My cat often sleeps on my bed.
    I keep a glass of water next to my bed when I sleep.
    • 1762, Charles Johnstone, The Reverie; or, A Flight to the Paradise of Fools[1], volume 2, Dublin: Printed by Dillon Chamberlaine, OCLC 519072825, page 202:
      At length, one night, when the company by ſome accident broke up much ſooner than ordinary, ſo that the candles were not half burnt out, ſhe was not able to reſiſt the temptation, but reſolved to have them ſome way or other. Accordingly, as ſoon as the hurry was over, and the ſervants, as ſhe thought, all gone to ſleep, ſhe ſtole out of her bed, and went down ſtairs, naked to her ſhift as ſhe was, with a deſign to ſteal them []
    1. A prepared spot to spend the night in.
      When camping, he usually makes a bed for the night from hay and a blanket.
    2. (usually after a preposition) One's place of sleep or rest.
      Go to bed!
      I had breakfast in bed this morning.
    3. (uncountable, usually after a preposition) Sleep; rest; getting to sleep.
      He's been afraid of bed since he saw the scary film.
    4. (uncountable, usually after a preposition) The time for going to sleep or resting in bed; bedtime.
      I read until bed.
    5. (uncountable) Time spent in a bed.
      • 1903, Thomas Stretch Dowse, Lectures on Massage and Electricity in the Treatment of Disease, page 276:
        I am quite sure that too much bed, if not too much sleep, is prejudicial, though a certain amount is absolutely necessary.
      • 1907, Jabez Spencer Balfour, My Prison Life, page 181:
        Some prisoners, indeed, are always up before the bell rings — such was my practice — they prefer to grope about in the dark to tossing about in the utter weariness of too much bed.
      • 1972, James Verney Cable, Principles of Medicine: An Integrated Textbook for Nurses:
        This condition is one of the dangers of "too much bed". The nurse should inspect the legs of each patient daily
    6. (figuratively) Marriage.
      • Clarendon:
        George, the eldest son of his second bed.
    7. (figuratively, uncountable) Sexual activity.
      Too much bed, not enough rest.
  2. A place, or flat surface or layer, on which something else rests or is laid.
    The meats and cheeses lay on a bed of lettuce.
    1. The bottom of a lake or other body of water. [from later 16th c.]
      sea bed, river bed, lake bed
      There's a lot of trash on the bed of the river.
    2. An area where a large number of oysters, mussels, or other sessile shellfish is found.
      Oysters are farmed from their beds.
    3. A garden plot.
      We added a new bush to our rose bed.
      • 1907, Robert Chambers, chapter 5, The Younger Set[2]:
        Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume ; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of rose-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees ; … .
    4. A foundation or supporting surface formed of a fluid.
      A bed of concrete makes a strong subsurface for an asphalt parking lot.
    5. The superficial earthwork, or ballast, of a railroad.
    6. The platform of a truck, trailer, railcar, or other vehicle that supports the load to be hauled.
      The parcels were loaded onto the truck bed before transportation.
    7. A shaped piece of timber to hold a cask clear of a ship’s floor; a pallet.
    8. (printing, dated) The flat part of the press, on which the form is laid.
    9. A piece of music, normally instrumental, over which a radio DJ talks.
  3. A layer or surface.
    1. A deposit of ore, coal, etc.
    2. (geology) the smallest division of a geologic formation or stratigraphic rock series marked by well-defined divisional planes (bedding planes) separating it from layers above and below.
    3. (masonry) The horizontal surface of a building stone.
      the upper and lower beds
    4. (masonry) The lower surface of a brick, slate, or tile.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
    5. (masonry) A course of stone or brick in a wall.

Usage notes[edit]

Sense 1. To prepare a bed is usually to "make" the bed, or (US, Southern) to "spread" the bed, the verb spread probably having been developed from bedspread. Like many nouns denoting places where people spend time, bed requires no article after certain prepositions: hence in bed (lying in a bed), go to bed (get into a bed), and so on. The forms in a bed, etc. do exist, but tend to imply mere presence in the bed, without it being for the purpose of sleep.

See also Appendix:MakeDoTakeHave

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

bed (third-person singular simple present beds, present participle bedding, simple past and past participle bedded)

  1. Senses relating to a bed as a place for resting or sleeping.
    1. To go to a bed.
    2. (transitive) To place in a bed.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
    3. To put oneself to sleep.
    4. (transitive) To furnish with a bed or bedding.
    5. (transitive, slang) To have sexual intercourse with. [from early 14th c.]
  2. Senses relating to a bed as a place or layer on which something else rests or is laid.
    1. (transitive) To lay or put in any hollow place, or place of rest and security, surrounded or enclosed; to embed.
    2. (transitive) To set in a soft matrix, as paving stones in sand, or tiles in cement.
    3. (transitive) To set out (plants) in a garden bed.
    4. (transitive) To dress or prepare the surface of (stone) so it can serve as a bed.
    5. (transitive) To lay flat; to lay in order; to place in a horizontal or recumbent position.
      • Shakespeare:
        bedded hair
    6. To settle, as machinery.

Derived terms (verb)[edit]

Translations[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch bed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bed (plural beddens)

  1. bed

Breton[edit]

Noun[edit]

bed m (plural bedoù)

  1. world

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Beet (bed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bed n (singular definite bedet, plural indefinite bede)

  1. bed (a garden plot)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See bide.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /beːd/, [b̥eðˀ]

Verb[edit]

bed

  1. past tense of bide

Etymology 3[edit]

See bede.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /beːd/, [b̥eðˀ]

Verb[edit]

bed

  1. Imperative of bede.

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch bedde, from Old Dutch *beddi, *bet, from Proto-Germanic *badją. Compare Low German Bedd, German Bett, West Frisian bêd, English bed, Swedish bädd.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bed n (plural bedden, diminutive bedje n)

  1. bed

Derived terms[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bed

  1. bad (not good)


This Kurdish entry was created from the translations listed at bad. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see bed in the Kurdish Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) April 2008


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

bed

  1. rafsi of bende.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Verb[edit]

·bed

  1. third-person singular past subjunctive of at·tá
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Verb[edit]

bed

  1. third-person singular past subjunctive of is
  2. third-person singular imperative of is
  3. second-person plural imperative of is
  4. third-person singular conditional relative of is
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (3 sg. past subj.; 3 sg. and 2 pl. imperative): bad

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *badją (dug sleeping-place), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰedʰ- (to dig). Cognate with Old Frisian bed, Old English bedd, Dutch bed, Old High German betti, Old Norse beðr, Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌳𐌹 (badi). The Indo-European root is also the source of Ancient Greek βοθυρος (bothuros, pit), Latin fossa (ditch), Latvian bedre (hole), Welsh bedd, Breton bez (grave).

Noun[edit]

bed n

  1. bed
    • thena lefna lamon bārun mid is beddiu
      They were bearing the living lame man with his bed
      (Heliand, verse 2309)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Low German: bedde
    • Low German: Bett
    • Dutch Low Saxon: bed

Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

bed (contracted be)

  1. imperative of bedja.

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

bed (plural beds)

  1. bed

Declension[edit]