sand

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Sand and sands

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Footprints in sand

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English sand, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz (compare West Frisian sân, Dutch zand, German Sand, Danish sand), from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos (compare Latin sabulum, Ancient Greek ἄμαθος (ámathos)), from *sem- (to pour) (compare English dialectal samel (sand bottom), Old Irish to-ess-sem (to pour out), Latin sentina (bilge water), Lithuanian sémti (to scoop), Ancient Greek ἀμάω (amáō, to gather), ἄμη (amē, water bucket)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sand (usually uncountable, plural sands)

  1. (uncountable) Rock that is ground more finely than gravel, but is not as fine as silt (more formally, see grain sizes chart), forming beaches and deserts and also used in construction.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      For a spell we done pretty well. Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand.
  2. (often in the plural) A beach or other expanse of sand.
    The Canadian tar sands are a promising source of oil.
  3. (uncountable, dated) Personal courage (used before or around 1920s).
  4. (uncountable, geology) A particle from 62.5 microns to 2 mm in diameter, following the Wentworth scale.
  5. A light beige colour, like that of typical sand.
    sand colour:    
  6. (countable, obsolete) A single grain of sand.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  7. (figuratively) A moment or interval of time; the term or extent of one's life (referring to the sand in an hourglass).
    • Shakespeare
      The sands are numbered that make up my life.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adjective[edit]

sand (comparative more sand, superlative most sand)

  1. Of a light beige colour, like that of typical sand.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sand (third-person singular simple present sands, present participle sanding, simple past and past participle sanded)

  1. (transitive) To abrade the surface of (something) with sand or sandpaper in order to smooth or clean it.
  2. (transitive) To cover with sand.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sannr, saðr, from Proto-Germanic *sanþaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁sónts (being, existing), the present participle of *h₁es- (to be).

Adjective[edit]

sand (neuter sandt, definite and plural sande)

  1. true
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse sandr, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Noun[edit]

sand n (singular definite sandet, not used in plural form)

  1. sand (finely ground rock)
See also[edit]

Faroese[edit]

Noun[edit]

sand

  1. accusative of sandur

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sandr, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sand m (definite singular sanden)

  1. sand

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sandr

Noun[edit]

sand m (definite singular sanden)

  1. sand

Derived terms[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See the verb sendan

Noun[edit]

sand f

  1. action of sending, embassy, mission, deputation; message
  2. sending, service, course of food, dish of food, repast, mess, victuals

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos. Compare Old Frisian sand, Old Saxon sand, Old High German sant, Old Norse sandr.

Noun[edit]

sand n

  1. sand, gravel
  2. sand by the sea, sands, sea-shore, sandy shore, beach
Descendants[edit]

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Old Norse sandr.

Noun[edit]

sand n

  1. beach

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sandr, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sand c

  1. sand (finely ground rock)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]