From Middle English, from Old English flōr (“floor, pavement, ground, bottom”), from Proto-Germanic *flōrō, *flōrô, *flōraz (“flat surface, floor, plain”), from Proto-Indo-European *plõro- (“level, even”), from Proto-Indo-European *pele-, *plet-, *plāk- (“broad, flat, plain”). Cognate with West Frisian flier (“floor”), Dutch vloer (“floor”), German Flur (“field, floor, entrance hall”), Swedish flor (“floor of a cow stall”), Irish urlár (“floor”), Scottish Gaelic làr (“floor, ground, earth”), Welsh llawr (“ground, pavement”), Latin plānus (“level, flat”).
floor (plural floors)
- The bottom or lower part of any room; the supporting surface of a room.
- The room has a wooden floor.
- The lower inside surface of a hollow space.
- Many sunken ships rest on the ocean floor.
- The floor of a cave served the refugees as a home.
- The pit floor showed where a ring of post holes had been.
- A structure formed of beams, girders, etc, with proper covering, which divides a building horizontally into storeys/stories.
- The supporting surface or platform of a structure such as a bridge.
- Wooden planks of the old bridge's floor were nearly rotten.
- A storey/story of a building.
- For years we lived on the third floor.
- In a parliament, the part of the house assigned to the members, as opposed to the viewing gallery.
- Hence, the right to speak at a given time during a debate or other public event.
- Will the senator from Arizona yield the floor?
- The mayor often gives a lobbyist the floor.
- (nautical) That part of the bottom of a vessel on each side of the keelson which is most nearly horizontal.
- (mining) The rock underlying a stratified or nearly horizontal deposit.
- (mining) A horizontal, flat ore body.
- (mathematics) The largest integer less than or equal to a given number.
- The floor of 4.5 is 4.
- (gymnastics) An event performed on a floor-like carpeted surface.
- (finance) A lower limit on the interest rate payable on an otherwise variable-rate loan, used by lenders to defend against falls in interest rates. Opposite of a cap.
lower part of a room
- Jèrriais: solais m
- Korean: 바닥 (ko) (badak)
- Krio: dek
- Latgalian: greida
- Latin: solum (la) n
- Latvian: grīda (lv) f
- Lithuanian: grindys (lt) pl
- Macedonian: под (mk) (pod) m, патос (mk) (pátos) m
- Norwegian: gulv (no) n
- Old English: flōr (ang), flet (ang)
- Persian: کف زمین (fa) (kaf-e zamin)
- Polish: podłoga (pl) f
- Portuguese: piso (pt) m, chão (pt) m, assoalho (pt) m
- Romanian: podea (ro), planșeu (ro)
- Russian: пол (ru) (pol) m
- Sanskrit: भूतल (sa) (bhūtal)
- Scottish Gaelic: làr (gd) m, ùrlar (gd) m
- Cyrillic: под (sh) m, патос (sh) m
- Roman: pod (sh) m, patos (sh) m
- Slovak: podlaha (sk) f
- Slovene: tla (sl) n pl, pod (sl) m
- Spanish: (Latin America) piso (es) m, (Spain) suelo (es) m
- Swahili: sakafu (sw)
- Swedish: golv (sv) n
- Turkish: zemin (tr), yer (tr)
- Ukrainian: підлога (uk) (pidlóha) f
- Urdu: فرش (ur) (farś) m
- Uzbek: pol (uz)
- Vietnamese: sàn nhà (vi)
lower inside surface of a hollow space
horizontal structure dividing a building
supporting surface of a structure
- American Sign Language: B@InsideChesthigh-PalmDown-B@InsideChesthigh-PalmDown B@SideChesthigh-PalmDown-B@SideChesthigh-PalmDown
- Arabic: طابِق (ar) (Taabiq) m, دور (ar) (duur) m
- Egyptian Arabic: دور (dawr) m
- Armenian: հարկ (hy) (hark)
- Bashkir: ҡат (qat)
- Belarusian: паверх (be) (pavérx) m
- Bulgarian: етаж (bg) (etáž) m
- Mandarin: 樓 (cmn), 楼 (cmn) (lóu), 樓層 (cmn), 楼层 (cmn) (lóucéng), 層 (cmn), 层 (cmn) (céng)
- Czech: patro (cs), podlaží (cs) n
- Danish: etage (da) c, sal (da) n
- Dutch: etage (nl), verdieping (nl)
- Esperanto: etaĝo (eo)
- Finnish: kerros (fi)
- French: étage (fr) m
- German: Stock (de) m, Etage (de) f, Geschoß (de) n
- Greek: όροφος (el) (órofos) m (órofos), πάτωμα (el) (pátoma) n (pátoma)
- Hebrew: קוֹמָה (he) (komá) f
- Hindi: मंजिल (hi) (manzil) f
- Hungarian: emelet (hu)
- Icelandic: hæð (is) f
- Italian: piano (it) m
part of the house assigned to the members of a legislative assembly
right to speak in a legislative assembly
near-horizontal part of a vessel
rock underlying a stratified or nearly horizontal deposit
horizontal, flat ore body
(mathematics) the largest integer less than or equal to a given number
floor (third-person singular simple present floors, present participle flooring, simple past and past participle floored)
- To cover or furnish with a floor.
- 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 1, The China Governess:
- The huge square box, parquet-floored and high-ceilinged, had been arranged to display a suite of bedroom furniture designed and made in the halcyon days of the last quarter of the nineteenth century, […].
- floor a house with pine boards
- To strike down or lay level with the floor; to knock down.
- As soon as our driver saw an insurgent in a car holding a detonation device, he floored the pedal and was 2,000 feet away when that car bomb exploded. We escaped certain death in the nick of time!
- To silence by a conclusive answer or retort.
- Floored or crushed by him. — Coleridge
- floor an opponent
- To amaze or greatly surprise.
- We were floored by his confession.
- (colloquial) To finish or make an end of.
- I've floored my little-go work — ed Hughes
- floor a college examination
silence with a conclusive answer
colloquial: to finish or make an end of