base

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See also: Base, BASE, and basé

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French base, from Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

Noun[edit]

base (plural bases)

  1. Something from which other things extend; a foundation.
    1. A supporting, lower or bottom component of a structure or object.
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 14, The China Governess[1]:
        Nanny Broome was looking up at the outer wall. Just under the ceiling there were three lunette windows, heavily barred and blacked out in the normal way by centuries of grime. Their bases were on a level with the pavement outside, a narrow way which was several feet lower than the road behind the house.
  2. The starting point of a logical deduction or thought; basis.
  3. A permanent structure for housing military personnel and material.
  4. The place where decisions for an organization are made; headquarters.
  5. (cooking, painting, pharmacy) A basic but essential component or ingredient.
  6. A substance used as a mordant in dyeing.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ure to this entry?)
  7. (chemistry) Any of a class of generally water-soluble compounds, having bitter taste, that turn red litmus blue, and react with acids to form salts.
  8. Important areas in games and sports.
    1. A safe zone in the children's games of tag and hide-and-go-seek.
    2. (baseball) One of the three places that a runner can stand without being subject to being tagged out.
  9. (architecture) The lowermost part of a column, between the shaft and the pedestal or pavement.
  10. (biology, biochemistry) A nucleotide's nucleobase in the context of a DNA or RNA biopolymer.
  11. (botany) The end of a leaf, petal or similar organ where it is attached to its support.
  12. (electronics) The name of the controlling terminal of a bipolar transistor (BJT).
  13. (geometry) The lowest side of a in a triangle or other polygon, or the lowest face of a cone, pyramid or other polyhedron laid flat.
  14. (heraldry) The lowest third of a shield or escutcheon.
  15. (mathematics) A number raised to the power of an exponent.
    The logarithm to base 2 of 8 is 3.
  16. (mathematics) Alternative to radix.
  17. (topology) The set of sets from which a topology is generated.
  18. (topology) A topological space, looked at in relation to one of its covering spaces, fibrations, or bundles.
  19. (cheerleading) A cheerleader who stays on the ground.
  20. (linguistics) A morpheme (or morphemes) that serves as a basic foundation on which affixes can be attached.
  21. (music) Dated form of bass.
    • Dryden
      The trebles squeak for fear, the bases roar.
  22. (military, historical) The smallest kind of cannon.
  23. (heraldry) The lower part of the field. See escutcheon.
  24. The housing of a horse.
  25. (historical, in the plural) A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armour) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower.
  26. (obsolete) The lower part of a robe or petticoat.
  27. (obsolete) An apron.
    • Marston
      bakers in their linen bases
  28. A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Lyman to this entry?)
Synonyms[edit]
  • (chemical compound that will neutralize an acid): alkali
Antonyms[edit]
  • (chemical compound that will neutralize an acid): acid
  • (end of a leaf): apex
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

base (third-person singular simple present bases, present participle basing, simple past and past participle based)

  1. (transitive) To give as its foundation or starting point; to lay the foundation of.
    • 1992, Rudolf M. Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, page vii
      Firstly, I continue to base most species treatments on personally collected material, rather than on herbarium plants.
  2. (transitive) To be located (at a particular place).
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French bas, from Late Latin bassus (low).

Adjective[edit]

base (comparative baser or more base, superlative basest or most base)

  1. (obsolete) Low in height; short.
    base shrubs
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  2. Low in place or position.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  3. (obsolete) Of low value or degree.
  4. (archaic) Of low social standing or rank; vulgar, common.
    • Francis Bacon
      a pleasant and base swain
  5. Morally reprehensible, immoral; cowardly.
    • Robynson (More's Utopia)
      a cruel act of a base and a cowardish mind
    • Milton
      base ingratitude
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 1, The Tragedy in Dartmoor Terrace[2]:
      “Mrs. Yule's chagrin and horror at what she called her son's base ingratitude knew no bounds ; at first it was even thought that she would never get over it. []
  6. (now rare) Inferior; unworthy, of poor quality.
  7. Designating those metals which are not classed as precious or noble.
  8. Alloyed with inferior metal; debased.
    base coin;  base bullion
  9. (obsolete) Of illegitimate birth; bastard.
    • Shakespeare
      Why bastard? wherefore base?
  10. Not classical or correct.
    base Latin
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fuller to this entry?)
  11. Obsolete form of bass.
    the base tone of a violin
  12. (law) Not held by honourable service.
    A base estate is one held by services not honourable, or held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant is a base tenant.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Said of fellows, motives, occupations, etc.
Synonyms[edit]
The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the template {{sense|"gloss"}}, substituting a short version of the definition for "gloss".
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably a specific use of Etymology 1, above; perhaps also a development of the plural of bar.

Noun[edit]

base (uncountable)

  1. (now chiefly US, historical) The game of prisoners' bars. [from 15th c.]
    • Shakespeare
      to run the country base
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, V.8:
      So ran they all, as they had bene at bace, / They being chased that did others chase.

Etymology 4[edit]

Variant forms.

Acronym[edit]

base

  1. Alternative form of BASE.
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

Noun[edit]

base f (plural bases)

  1. base

Related terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

Noun[edit]

base f (plural bases)

  1. base
  2. basis
  3. grounding
  4. foundation

Related terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

base

  1. dative singular of basa
  2. locative singular of basa

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

base f (plural basen, diminutive basetje n)

  1. base (chemistry: class of compounds), alkali

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • base” in Woordenlijst Nederlandse Taal – Officiële Spelling, Nederlandse Taalunie. [the official spelling word list for the Dutch language]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French base, from Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

Noun[edit]

base f (plural bases)

  1. base (bottom part of something)
  2. base (safe place)
  3. base, basis (fundamental belief)

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

Noun[edit]

base f (plural bases)

  1. base

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

Noun[edit]

base f (plural basi)

  1. base
  2. basis

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

base

  1. ablative singular of basis

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

Noun[edit]

base f (oblique plural bases, nominative singular base, nominative plural bases)

  1. base (bottom part; supporting part)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

base f (plural bases)

  1. basis
  2. base
  3. groundwork

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

Noun[edit]

base f (plural bases)

  1. base
  2. basis
  3. (linear algebra) basis
  4. grounding
  5. foundation
  6. (basketball) point guard

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

base

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of basar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of basar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of basar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of basar.

Venetian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

base f

  1. feminine plural of baso