English [ edit ]
Pronunciation [ edit ]
Etymology 1 [ edit ]
Middle English , from shelde Old English ( scield “ shield ”), from Proto-Germanic ( *skelduz “ shield ”), from Proto-Indo-European , *(s)keit- , *(s)keid- ( *kheit- “ shield, cover ”). Cognate with West Frisian , skyld Dutch ( schild “ shield ”), German ( Schild “ shield ”), Danish ( skjold “ shield ”), Icelandic ( skjöldur “ shield ”), Latin ( scūtum “ shield ”), Irish ( sciath “ shield ”), Latgalian ( škīda “ shield ”), Lithuanian ( skydas “ shield ”), Russian ( щит ščit, “ shield ”).
shield ( plural ) shields
protects or defends; defense; shelter; protection.
A broad piece of defensive
armor, carried on the arm, formerly in general use in war, for the protection of the body.
: 1592, William Shakespeare, , Act 4, Scene 3, line 56 Richard III
Go muster men. My counsel is my shield; We must be brief when traitors brave the field.
: 1599, William Shakespeare, , Act III, Scene II, line 8 Henry V
Knock go and come; God's vassals drop and die; And sword and shield, In bloody field, Doth win immortal fame.
: 1786, Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 22
The shields used by our Norman ancestors were the triangular or heater shield, the target or buckler, the roundel or rondache, and the pavais, pavache, or tallevas.
: 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, The Celebrity
My client welcomed the judge […] and they disappeared together into the Ethiopian card-room, which was filled with the assegais and exclamation point shields Mr. Cooke had had made at the sawmill at Beaverton. Figuratively, one who protects or defends.
: 1611, The Holy Bible, edition King James Version, Genesis 15:1
Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.
( lichenology ) In lichens, a hardened cup or disk surrounded by a rim and containing the fructification, or asci.
( mining ) A framework used to protect workmen in making an adit under ground, and capable of being pushed along as excavation progresses.
( science fiction ) A field of energy which protects or defends. Something shaped like a shield, usually an inverted triangle with slightly curved lower sides.
( heraldry ) The escutcheon or field on which are placed the bearings in coats of arms. A
spot resembling, or having the form of a shield.
( obsolete ) A coin, the old French crown, or écu, having on one side the figure of a shield.
( transport ) A sign or symbol, usually containing numbers and sometimes letters, identifying a highway route.
( colloquial , law enforcement ) A police badge.
( geology ) A large expanse of exposed stable Precambrian rock.
Hyponyms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
anything which protects or defends
وِقايَه، وِقاء Chinese:
trad. , 保護者 simpl. (bǎohùzhě), 保护者 trad. , 防護物 simpl. (fánghùwù) 防护物 Czech:
štít (cs) , m kryt Danish:
, skjold -skjold Dutch:
bescherming (nl) , f scherm (nl) n Estonian:
suoja , (fi) kilpi (fi) French:
bouclier (fr) m Galician:
escudo (gl) m German:
Schutz (de) m Greek:
ασπίδα (el) ( f aspída) Hebrew:
מגן (he) ( m magen), שריון (he) ( m shiryon) Hungarian:
védelem (hu) Icelandic:
pelindung (id) Italian:
scudo (it) , m protezione (it) , f rifugio (it) , m riparo (it) , m copertura (it) f
figuratively, one who protects or defends
a spot resembling, or having the form of a shield.
obsolete: a coin, the old French crown, or écu
sci fi: an field of energy which protects or defends
colloquial: a police badge
transportation: a sign or symbol identifying a highway route.
Etymology 2 [ edit ]
Old English . scieldan
shield ( third-person singular simple present , shields present participle , shielding simple past and past participle ) shielded
To protect, to defend.
2004, Chris Wallace, “Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage”:
Shots rang out and a 15-year-old boy, shielding a woman from the line of fire, was killed.
( electricity ) to protect from the influence of
Translations [ edit ]
electricity: to protect from the influence of
Anagrams [ edit ]