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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
底-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic 广 (building) + phonetic  – the bottom or base, foundation of a building. Note that 氐 is a figure bowing or stooping, hence connotation of “down”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 53 广+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹心一 (IHPM), 戈竹女戈 (IHVI), four-corner 00242, composition广)

  1. bottom, underneath, underside

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 344, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9262
  • Dae Jaweon: page 653, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 878, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5E95

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (底), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 都禮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/teiX/ /tieiX/ /teiX/ /teiX/ /tɛjX/ /tieiX/ /tɛiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tejX › /*tˤijʔ/ bottom; stop, obstruct

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2244 1 /*tiːlʔ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana そこ, romaji soko)

  1. the bottom

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana てい, romaji tei)

  1. base of a logarithm

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeo, ji) (hangeul , , revised jeo, ji, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, chi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(để, đáy, đé, đẽ, đây)

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