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Character  지 
Unicode block Hangul Syllables
Codepoint U+C9C0
Composition +
Dubeolsik keyboard entry w-l
See also:


Etymology 1[edit]

즤 ←

짜 →


(transliterations: RR ji, RRT , McCune–Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of and .

Etymology 2[edit]

Of native Korean origin.


(ji, McCune-Reischauer: chi, Yale: ci)

  1. since (somebody) last (did something); from the time that
  2. Free pronunciation variant of colloquial .
Usage notes[edit]

In the sense of "since", indicates a period of time. The verb or adjective immediately preceding must be in the attributive form (-ㄴ). This attributive form may follow the adverbs or . Although means ‘since’ as used with durations, usage differs from English ‘since’ insofar as the Korean verb preceding should be negated where the English clause containing ‘since’ would not, and vice versa: Compare negative Korean “… 한 지” with positive English “since (somebody) last …ed”.

The sentence must end in the combination of a timespan (for example Hang or 주일) or a question verb asking “how long” (for example Hang or [주일]) and a verb such as 되었- or 지났-.


  • 어머니를 뵌 벌써 오래되었다.
    “It has already been a long time since I've seen mother.”
  • 머리를 못/안 감은 이주일 됐을 때 느낌이 어떨까요?
    “What will it feel like when (somebody hasn't) washed (their) hair for two weeks?”

Compare -ㄴ 만에, -부터 and Hang which differ from in usage.


(ji, McCune-Reischauer: chi, Yale: ci)

  1. (after attributive) whether
    • The preceding verb or adjective must be in the attributive forms -ㄹ/-는/-ㄴ/-던.
    • can optionally receive the topic marker -는 or an accusative case marker -를.
    • In indirect speech, questions are usually tagged with instead of . Compare:
      • subject + verb+냐(고) 묻-
        = “ask whether …”
      • subject + verb + 지 알-(모르-)”
        = “(not) know whether …”
  2. (used after a question word with copula, a question word with verb, or after question verbs)
    • Used as explained above. Examples:
      • After question word 누구 with copula:
        “… 누구였는 알-(모르-)”
        = “(not) know who … was”
      • After question adverb 어떻게 with verb 쓰다:
        “어떻게 쓰는 알아 내-”
        = “find out how (something) is used/written; find out how (somebody) uses/writes (something)”
      • After question word 무엇 with verb 하다:
        “… 무엇이라고 했는 기억이 (안) 나-”
        = “(not) remember what … was called; (not) remember what … said”
      • After question verb 어떻다:
        “… 어땠는 알-(모르-)”
        = “(not) know how … was”
  3. verb suffix used to seek affirmation, or to give the listener(s) an opportunity to express whether they can follow or not, to agree, or to confirm what ist said:
    “어렵요?” = “It's difficult, isn't it?”
    “한국말을 이해하시요?” = “You understand Korean, right?”
  4. verb suffix a speaker uses to recommend a change in the listener's behaviour, or to soften imperatives:
    (To a hasty eater) “천천히 먹.” = “Eat slowly.”
  5. suffix marking either the verb that is negated by following 못하-/않-, or marking what a following 말- says not to do, for example “담배를 피우 시다.” = “Let's not smoke cigarettes.”
    • can optionally receive the topic marker -는 or the nominative case marker -가: 가 않아요 = “… is not much”
    • is not used to form a negative copula:
      아니- = “… is not all”
    • is used when saying some action was a mistake (for example when regretting something), and when thinking about better not doing something:
      “… 서울에 오 말 걸 그랬네요.”
      = “… shouldn't have come to Seoul”
      “… 서울에 가 말까 생각도 해 봤지만 …”
      = “… have/has been thinking about not going to Seoul, but …”
      But: “서울에 가는 게 나을 것 같지요.”
      = “Not going to Seoul seems to be the right thing to do, don't you think so?”

Etymology 3[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.


(ji, McCune-Reischauer: chi, Yale: ci) (hanja )

  1. an ancient bamboo flute with five finger holes; used in aak