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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 女火竹女心 (VFHVP), four-corner 22940, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 918, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27293
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1347, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3375, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+7D19

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. It has been connected to Vietnamese giấy (< Proto-Vietic *k-cajʔ).

Graphically: Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (silk) + phonetic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (紙), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 諸氏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiᴇX/ /t͡ɕie̯X/ /t͡ɕieX/ /t͡ɕiɛX/ /ciə̆X/ /t͡ɕǐeX/ /t͡ɕjɛX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǐ ‹ tsyeX › /*k.teʔ/ paper

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11516 0 /*kjeʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. paper
    • 自古書契竹簡縑帛便造意樹膚麻頭敝布魚網元興元年天下」。 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      Zìgǔ shūqì duō biān yǐ zhújiǎn, qí yòng jiānbó zhě wèi zhī wéi zhǐ. jiān guì ér jiǎn zhòng, bìng bù biàn yú rén. lún nǎi zàoyì, yòng shùfū, mátóu jí bìbù, yúwǎng yǐ wéi zhǐ. Yuánxīng yuánnián zòu shàng zhī, dì shàn qí néng, zì shì mò bù cóng yòng yān, gù tiānxià xián chēng "Cài hóu zhǐ". [Pinyin]
      In ancient times writings and inscriptions were generally made on tablets of bamboo or on pieces of silk called zhi. But silk being costly and bamboos heavy they were not convenient to use. Cai Lun then initiated the idea of making paper from the bark of trees, remnants of hemp, rags of cloth and fishing nets. He submitted the process to the emperor in the first year of Yuanxing and received praise for his ability. From this time, paper has been in use everywhere and is universally called "the paper of Marquis Cai".
  2. measure word for document, letter
  3. (紙錢) paper made to resemble money and burnt as an offering to the dead; money of the nether world

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (紙):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. paper

Alternative forms[edit]

(俗字, zokuji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 4455
  • Halpern: 1302
  • Halpern Learners: 879
  • Heisig: 1829
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 6a4.4
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かみ, romaji kami)

  1. paper

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune-Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chỉ, giấy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.