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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
重-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic 𡈼 + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 166 +2, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹十田土 (HJWG), four-corner 20104, composition)

  1. heavy, weighty
  2. double

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1291, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40132
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1791, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3680, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+91CD

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (重), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 直容切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨoŋ/ /ȡʱi̯woŋ/ /ȡioŋ/ /ɖioŋ/ /ɖuawŋ/ /ȡĭwoŋ/ /ȡioŋ/
Character (重), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 直隴切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨoŋX/ /ȡʱi̯woŋX/ /ȡioŋX/ /ɖioŋX/ /ɖuawŋX/ /ȡĭwoŋX/ /ȡioŋX/
Character (重), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 柱用切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨoŋH/ /ȡʱi̯woŋH/ /ȡioŋH/ /ɖioŋH/ /ɖuawŋH/ /ȡĭwoŋH/ /ȡioŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chóng ‹ drjowng › /*[m]-troŋ/ repeat; double
zhòng ‹ drjowngX › /*N-t<r>oŋʔ/ heavy
zhòng ‹ drjowngH › /*N-t<r>oŋʔ-s/ weight (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17457 0 /*doŋ/
17462 0 /*doŋʔ/ 東轉註字,金文從禾東從土,爲種(植)初文
17463 0 /*doŋs/

Usage notes[edit]

  • zhòng
  1. n. weight
  2. adj. heavy (physical)
  3. adj. heavy, grave, serious, weighty
  4. adj. important
  5. adj. prudent
  6. v. respect, attach importance to
  • chóng
  1. repeat
  2. again
  3. layer
  4. overlapping

Use of chóng in compound words is often analogous to the English prefix re-

Compounds[edit]

  • chóng
  • zhòng

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

pe → ɸe → he.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji he)

  1. a division
  2. something that divides two objects
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
  • (e)

Etymology 2[edit]

-pe → -ɸe → -we → -e. Cognate with he (division). The divergent phonological development is due to the non-null environment caused by being suffixed to the previous morpheme.

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -e, historical hiragana )

  1. the number of overlaps; fold, layer
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おも, romaji omo)

  1. main, principal, important

Alternative forms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana じゅう, romaji jū-)

  1. heavy, weighty
  2. involving large-scale manufacture, heavy
  3. great in degree, heavy, serious, severe

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jung, McCune-Reischauer: chung, Yale: cwung)
  • Name (hangeul): 무거울 (Yale: mukewulcwung)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trọng, chồng, chuộng, trộng, trụng, trùng, chõng, trửng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.