Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
重-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic 𡈼 + phonetic 

Thick

Han character[edit]

(radical 166 +2, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹十田土 (HJWG), four-corner 20104, composition)

  1. heavy, weighty
  2. double

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1291, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40132
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1791, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3680, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+91CD

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping cung4, cung5, zung6, Yale chung4, chung5, jung6)


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

pe → ɸe → he.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji he)

  1. a division
  2. something that divides two objects
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
  • (e)

Etymology 2[edit]

-pe → -ɸe → -we → -e. Cognate with he (division). The divergent phonological development is due to the non-null environment caused by being suffixed to the previous morpheme.

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , historical hiragana , romaji -e)

  1. the number of overlaps; fold, layer
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おも, romaji omo)

  1. main, principal, important

Alternative forms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana じゅう, romaji jū-)

  1. heavy, weighty
  2. involving large-scale manufacture, heavy
  3. great in degree, heavy, serious, severe

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[]] (revised: jung, McCune-Reischauer: chung, Yale: cwung)
  • Name (hangeul): [[무거울중]] (Yale: mukewulcwung)

Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin zhòng (zhong4), chóng (chong2), Wade-Giles ch'ung2, chung4)

zhòng

  1. n. weight
  2. adj. heavy (physical)
  3. adj. heavy, grave, serious, weighty
  4. adj. important
  5. adj. prudent
  6. v. respect, attach importance to

chóng

  1. repeat
  2. again
  3. layer
  4. overlapping

Use of chóng in compound words is often analogous to the English prefix re-

Compounds[edit]

  • chóng
  • zhòng

Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA tiông (tiong5), tiōng (tiong7), tāng (tang7), tîng (ting5))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trọng, chồng, chuộng, trộng, trụng, trùng, chõng, trửng)