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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
言-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

言 言 言 言
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) Pictograph of words emerging from a mouth ()

Pictogram (象形) A man () speaking with his mouth ()

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜一一口 (YMMR), four-corner 00601)

  1. words, speech
  2. speak, say

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1146, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35205
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1612, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3936, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8A00

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (言), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 語軒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨɐn/ /ŋɨ̯ɐn/ /ŋiɐn/ /ŋiɐn/ /ŋɨan/ /ŋĭɐn/ /ŋiɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋan {*ŋa[n]}/ (a particle)
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋan {*ŋa[n]}/ I, we
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋan {*ŋa[n]}/ speak; speech
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14271 1 /*ŋan/

Noun[edit]

  1. (literary) speech, words
  2. message

Verb[edit]

  1. to say, to speak, to talk

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. KangXi radical 149

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-17.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eon, eun) (hangeul , , revised eon, eun, McCune-Reischauer ŏn, ŭn, Yale en, un)

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Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*ngiæn, ŋǝn)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngôn, ngỏn, ngộn, ngổn, ngồn, ngủn)

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