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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
能-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

能 能 能 能
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) : pictograme of a bear

Original form of (bear).

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈月心心 (IBPP), four-corner 21211, composition匕)

  1. to be able
  2. can, permitted to
  3. ability

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 981, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29454
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1433, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2074, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+80FD

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (能), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 奴來切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nʌi/ /nɑ̆i/ /nᴀi/ /nəi/ /nəj/ /nɒi/ /nɒi/
Character (能), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 登
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 奴登切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nəŋ/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋ/
Character (能), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 登
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 奴等切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nəŋX/ /nəŋX/ /nəŋX/ /nəŋX/ /nəŋX/ /nəŋX/ /nəŋX/
Character (能), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 奴代切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nʌiH/ /nɑ̆iH/ /nᴀiH/ /nəiH/ /nəjH/ /nɒiH/ /nɒiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
néng ‹ noj › /*nˤəә/ a kind of bear
néng ‹ nong › /*nˤəә(ŋ)/ a kind of bear
néng ‹ nong › /*nˤəә(ʔ) (~ *nˤəәŋ)/ able; ability

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9411 0 /*nɯː/
9413 0 /*nɯːs/
9415 0 /*nɯːŋ/
9416 0 /*nɯːŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ability; capability
    • 能力 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]nénglì [Pinyin] — capability, ability
  2. able; capable
  3. energy; power

Verb[edit]

  1. to can; to be able to; to be capable of
  2. may

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Neng

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. ability
  2. talent
  3. skill
  4. capacity

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana のう, romaji )

  1. Noh, a form of classical Japanese musical drama.
  2. Ability, capacity, aptitude.
  3. Effect, use.
     (ふる)議論 (ぎろん) () (かえ)しても (のう)はないのだよ。
    furui giron o kurikaeshite mo wa nai no da yo.
    Repeating old arguments isn't of any use / won't have any effect.

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(neung, nae) (hangeul , , revised neung, nae, McCune-Reischauer nŭng, nae, Yale nung, nay)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(năng, hay, nấng, năn, nằng, nưng)

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