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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
時-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

There are multiple possibilities:

  • Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  (time) +  (phonetic)
  • Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (time) +  (temple)

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 日土木戈 (AGDI), four-corner 64041, composition)

  1. time, season
  2. hour
  3. era, age, period

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 494, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13890
  • Dae Jaweon: page 859, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1505, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6642

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (時), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 市之切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨ/ /ʑi/ /ʑiə/ /d͡ʑɨ/ /d͡ʑɨ/ /ʑĭə/ /d͡ʑie/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shí ‹ dzyi › /*[d]əә (~ *[d]əәʔ)/ time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12042 0 /*djɯ/

Adverb[edit]

  1. when

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
とき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とき, romaji toki)

  1. time
  2. a case
  3. time of something
  4. a season
  5. a tense

Counter[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. hour, o’clock
    時計見ると、ちょうど十二三十四五十六だった。
    とけいみると、ちょうどじゅうにさんじゅうよんぷんごじゅうろくびょうだった。
    Tokei o miru to, chōdo jūni-ji sanjūyon-pun gojūroku-byō datta.
    When I looked at the clock, it was just 56 seconds past 12:34.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si, Yale si)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thì, thời)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.