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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 4 丿+4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹火木 (HFD), four-corner 20409)

  1. interrogative or exclamatory final particle

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 82, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 131
  • Dae Jaweon: page 166, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 36, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4E4E

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (乎), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸吳切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuo/ /ɣuo/ /ɣo/ /ɦuo/ /ɦɔ/ /ɣu/ /ɣo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hu › /*ɢˤa/ (Q particle)
‹ hu › /*ɢˤa/ in, at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5189 0 /*ɢaː/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ho)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ho, McCune-Reischauer: ho, Yale: ho)
  • Name (hangeul): 어조사 (revised: eojosa, McCune-Reischauer: ǒjosa)
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References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.