Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
来-bw.png
Stroke order
来-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from – fruit hanging on a tree 木, the coming of harvest; alternatively, ear of grain, as in . Meaning of “come” influenced by derived character .

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 木廿 (DT), composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 513, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14489
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 21, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6765

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. used after a verb of motion to indicates movement away from the speaker

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to come; to arrive
  2. to do (specific meaning depending on the context)

Adjective[edit]

  1. next; coming; future
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]lái nián [Pinyin] — next year
  2. (after a number) about; approximately; around

Antonyms[edit]

  • to go; past, previous

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (Cantonese)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to come

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
らい
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (*ləi). Compare modern Mandarin traditional and simplified (lái).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana らい, romaji rai-)

  1. next, coming (week, year, etc.)
     (らい) (ねん) (らい) (しゅう)
    rainen, raishū
    next year, next week
     (らい)週月曜日 (しゅうげつようび) ()いましょう。
    Raishū getsuyōbi ni aimashō.
    Let's meet Monday next. / Let's meet this coming Monday.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana らい, romaji Rai)

  1. A surname​.

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana らい, romaji -rai)

  1. since, in (a span of time)
    三年 (さんねん) (らい)あれを ()ていない。
    San nen-rai are o mite inai.
    I haven't seen that in three years / since three years ago.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. The verb ku is one of the few monosyllabic verb roots in Japanese. This developed into kuru in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(irregular conjugation, hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. (obsolete) to approach one's position from a remote location: to come
    Developed into 来る (くる, ​kuru) in modern Japanese.

References[edit]