with

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See also: wiþ

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English with, from Old English wiþ (against, opposite, toward), a shortened form of wiþer, from Proto-Germanic *wiþr- (against), from Proto-Indo-European *wi-tero- (more apart); from Proto-Indo-European *wi (separation). Cognate with German wider (against) and wieder (again), Dutch weer (again), Danish ved (by, near, with), Swedish vid (by, next to, with). In Middle English, the word shifted to denote association rather than opposition, displacing Middle English mid (with), from Old English mid (with), which is cognate to Old-Frisian mith (with), Modern Frisian mei (with), Dutch met (with) and German mit (with).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • wyth (obsolete)
  • wth (obsolete contraction)
  • w/ (abbreviation)

Pronunciation[edit]

preconsonantal
prevocalic

Preposition[edit]

with

  1. Against.
    • 1621, John Smith, The Proceedings of the English Colony in Virginia [1]
      Many hatchets, knives, & pieces of iron, & brass, we see, which they reported to have from the Sasquesahanocks a mighty people, and mortal enemies with the Massawomecks.
    He picked a fight with the class bully.
  2. In the company of; alongside, along side of; close to; near to.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, The Celebrity:
      No matter how early I came down, I would find him on the veranda, smoking cigarettes, or [] . And at last I began to realize in my harassed soul that all elusion was futile, and to take such holidays as I could get, when he was off with a girl, in a spirit of thankfulness.
    He went with his friends.
  3. In addition to; as an accessory to.
    She owns a motorcycle with a sidecar.
  4. Used to indicate simultaneous happening, or immediate succession or consequence.
    • 1590, Sir Philip Sidney, The Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia,
      With that she told me that though she spake of her father, whom she named Chremes, she would hide no truth from me: ...
    • 1697, Virgil, John Dryden (translator), Aeneid, in The Works of Virgil,
      With this he pointed to his face, and show'd
      His hand and all his habit smear'd with blood.
    • 1861, Alexander Pope, The Rev. George Gilfillan (editor) The Fourth Pastoral, or Daphne, in The Poetical Works of Alexander Pope,
      See where, on earth, the flowery glories lie,
      With her they flourish'd, and with her they die.
    • 1994, Stephen Fry, The Hippopotamus Chapter 2
      With a bolt of fright he remembered that there was no bathroom in the Hobhouse Room. He leapt along the corridor in a panic, stopping by the long-case clock at the end where he flattened himself against the wall.
    • 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 48: 
      The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about […], or offering services that let you "stay up to date with what your friends are doing", [] and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.
  5. In support of.
    • 2013 June 29, “A punch in the gut”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 72-3: 
      Mostly, the microbiome is beneficial. It helps with digestion and enables people to extract a lot more calories from their food than would otherwise be possible. Research over the past few years, however, has implicated it in diseases from atherosclerosis to asthma to autism.
    We are with you all the way.
  6. (obsolete) To denote the accomplishment of cause, means, instrument, etc; – sometimes equivalent to by.
    slain with robbers
  7. As an instrument; by means of.
    • 1430?, “The Love of Jesus” in Hymns to the Virgin and Christ, ed. Frederick James Furnivall, 1867, p.26
      Þirle my soule with þi spere anoon,
    • 1619, Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher, A King and no King, Act IV
      you have paid me equal, Heavens, / And sent my own rod to correct me with
    • 1620, William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation [2]
      They had cut of his head upon the cudy of his boat had not the man reskued him with a sword,
    • 1677, William Wycherley, The plain-dealer, Prologue
      And keep each other company in spite, / As rivals in your common mistress, fame, / And with faint praises one another damn;
    • 2013 July-August, Stephen P. Lownie, David M. Pelz, “Stents to Prevent Stroke”, American Scientist: 
      As we age, the major arteries of our bodies frequently become thickened with plaque, a fatty material with an oatmeal-like consistency that builds up along the inner lining of blood vessels.
    cut with a knife
  8. (obsolete) As nourishment, more recently replaced by on.
  9. Having, owning.
Quotations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]
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Adverb[edit]

with (not comparable)

  1. (Midwestern US) along, together with others/group etc.
    Do you want to come with?

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

with (plural withs)

  1. Alternative form of withe.
    • King James Bible
      And Samson said unto her, If they bind me with seven green withs that were never dried, then shall I be weak, and be as another man.

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A shortened form of withar (against), cognate with Old English wiþ (against, opposite, toward) and wiþer.

Preposition[edit]

with

  1. against