-as

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Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Esperanto suffixes -as, -is, -os, -us are related, and appear to have been inspired by previous language projects:

This play of vowels is not an original idea of Zamenhof's: -as, -is, -os are found for the three tenses of the infinitive in Faiguet's system of 1765; -a, -i, -o without a consonant are used like Z's -as, -is, -os by Rudelle (1858); Courtonne in 1885 had -am, -im, -om in the same values, and the similarity with Esperanto is here even more perfect than in the other projects, as -um corresponds to Z's -us.An International Language (1928)

The vowel of -as is likely cognate with the Latin present, as in amat (s/he loves), and the corresponding present infinitive amāre, permitting the natural (for an European) -ant ending. i could come from past tense in Latin ami, amisti.

Suffix[edit]

-as

  1. ending of the present tense in verbs.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-as

  1. Added to a noun to form an adjective meaning "having something, a quality".
    haj (hair) + -ashajas (covered with hair)
  2. Added to a noun to form an occupation or a collective noun.
    fazék (pot) + -asfazekas (potter)
  3. Added to an ordinal number to form a digit or figure.
    három (three) + -ashármas (the digit or figure 3)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -s is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -os is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -as is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -es is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ös is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Esperanto.

Suffix[edit]

-as

  1. ending of the present tense in verbs

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -eas (after palatal consonants)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish -as, from Proto-Celtic *-assus, from Proto-Indo-European *-ad-tus.

Suffix[edit]

-as m

  1. Nominal suffix, used to form abstract ideas or nouns

Derived terms[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from the Proto-Germanic accusative plural ending *-anz, with regularly lost -n- before a fricative, or perhaps from the nominative plural *-ōs, a voiceless variety of the regular ending *-ōz. Akin to Old Saxon -os (Low German -s), Dutch -s, Swedish -ar.

Suffix[edit]

-as

  1. Nominative and accusative case ending, originally of a-stem masculine nouns, later extended to other nouns.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: -s.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -es (after palatal consonants)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *-assus, from Proto-Indo-European *-ad-tus.

Suffix[edit]

-as m

  1. Nominal suffix, used to form abstract ideas or nouns
    óclach (young man) + -asóclachas (youth)
    muinter (family) + -asmuinteras (familiarity)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rudolf Thurneysen, A Grammar of Old Irish (Dublin, 1946), §261

Portuguese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-as

  1. forms the second-person singular present indicative of 1st conjugation verbs
    falar (to speak) + -asfalas (you speak)
  2. forms the second-person singular subjunctive present of 2nd and 3rd conjugation verbs
    correr (to run) + -ascorras (that you run)
  3. forms the second-person singular negative imperative of 2nd and 3rd conjugation verbs
    correr (to run) + -asnão corras (don’t run)

Spanish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-as

  1. suffix indicating the second-person singular present indicative of -ar.
  2. suffix indicative the second-person singular present subjunctive of -er verbs and -ir verbs

See also[edit]