-or

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English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or

  1. Suffix appended to words to create an agent noun, indicating a person who does something.

Usage notes[edit]

English generally appends this suffix where Latin would do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle. For other words, English tends to use the suffix -er. Occasionally both are used (computer vs. computor).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • -er (alternative spelling)
  • -rix (feminine form)

Hyponyms[edit]

(feminine agent)

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • -ee (converse form; one who receives from the actor)

Albanian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or m (feminine singular -ore, masculine plural -orë, feminine plural -ore)

  1. An suffix that forms adjectives which do not require adjectival articles

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or m (genitive -ōris); third declension

  1. used to form an abstract noun from a verb root or conceived root form

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -or is added to a verb to create a third-declension masculine abstract noun.

Examples:
amor (love) from amō (I love)
timor (fear), from timeō (I fear; I am afraid)

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative -or -ōrēs
genitive -ōris -ōrum
dative -ōrī -ōribus
accusative -ōrem -ōrēs
ablative -ōre -ōribus
vocative -or -ōrēs

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Norwegian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or

  1. A plural marker, used on feminine gender nouns ending with an unstressed -e [-a].

Usage notes[edit]

The -or suffix is a bracket form in Nynorsk whereas -er is the main form. In Bokmål, -er is the only allowed suffix.


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Proto-Germanic *-ar-. Akin to Old High German -ar

Suffix[edit]

-or (adjectival)

  1. suffix forming adjectives from verbs denoting tendency or causation
    slipor "slippery", from slīpan "to slip, glide"
    wacor, waccor "vigilent, watchful", from wacian "to be awake, be watchful"
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Proto-Germanic *-áz. Akin to Old Saxon -or, Old High German -ur

Suffix[edit]

-or m (noun)

  1. Suffix variant found on masculine a-stem nouns
    dōgor "day" (cf dæġ)
    ċeolor "collar, throat" (cf ċeole)
    ealdor "cheiftain, ruler" (cf eald)
    sigor "victory" (cf siġe)
    salor "hall, palace" (cf sele)
    telgor "branch, twig" (cf telga)
Declension[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -or.

Suffix[edit]

-or

  1. -er, suffix used to form agent nouns

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or (Cyrillic spelling -ор)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession or a performer, used chiefly for words of Latin origin.

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or

  1. A plural marker. This marker is the regular plural for common gender nouns ending with an unstressed -a. Such an -a disappears when -or is added. The marker is used, however, with a few other nouns as well.
    docka "doll" - dockor "dolls"
    våg "wave" - vågor "waves"