survive

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman survivre, Old French survivre, from Late Latin supervivere (to outlive), from Latin super (over) + vivere (to live), akin to vita (life); see vivid. Compare devive, revive.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

survive (third-person singular simple present survives, present participle surviving, simple past and past participle survived)

  1. (intransitive) Of a person, to continue to live; to remain alive.
  2. (intransitive) Of an object or concept, to continue to exist.
  3. (transitive) To live longer than; to outlive.
    His children survived him; he was survived by his children.
    • Shakespeare
      I'll assure her of / Her widowhood, be it that she survive me, / In all my lands and leases whatsoever.
    • 1817, Walter Scott, Rob Roy, X:
      ‘I am afraid, as will happen in other cases, the treaty of alliance has survived the amicable dispositions in which it had its origin.’
  4. (transitive) To live past a life-threatening event.
    He did not survive the accident.
  5. (transitive, sports) Of a team, to avoid relegation or demotion to a lower division or league.

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French[edit]

Verb[edit]

survive

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of survivre
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of survivre