outlive

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English outliven, equivalent to out- +‎ live.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

outlive (third-person singular simple present outlives, present participle outliving, simple past and past participle outlived)

  1. (transitive) To live longer than; continue to live after the death of; overlive; survive.
    • 1592–1609, William Shakespeare, Sonnet XXXVIII.:
      And he that calls on thee, let him bring forth / Eternal numbers to outlive long date.
    • 2003, Bernard O'Donoghue, Outliving, page 1:
      If anything / it makes it worse, your early death, that / having now at last outlived you, I too / have broken ranks.
  2. (transitive) To live through or past (a given time).
    • 1897, Henry James, What Maisie Knew:
      This must have been the way mamma had first looked at Sir Claude; it brought back the lustre of the time they had outlived.
  3. (transitive) To surpass in duration; outlast.
  4. (intransitive) To live longer; continue to live.

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