tar

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English terr, tarr, from Old English teoru, teru, from Proto-Germanic *terwą (compare West Frisian tarre, Dutch teer), from Proto-Indo-European *deru̯o (compare Welsh derw (oaks), Lithuanian dervà (pinewood, resin), Russian дерево (dérevo, tree), Bulgarian дърво (dǎrvó, tree)), from *dóru (tree). More at tree.

Noun[edit]

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tar (plural tars)

  1. (uncountable) A black, oily, sticky, viscous substance, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons derived from organic materials such as wood, peat, or coal.
  2. Coal tar.
  3. (uncountable) A solid residual byproduct of tobacco smoke.
  4. (slang, dated) A sailor, because of their tarpaulin clothes. Also Jack Tar.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jonathan Swift to this entry?)
  5. black tar, a form of heroin
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

tar (third-person singular simple present tars, present participle tarring, simple past and past participle tarred)

  1. (transitive) To coat with tar.
  2. (transitive) To besmirch.
    Although he was found innocent, the allegations had tarred his name.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of tape archive.

Noun[edit]

tar (plural tars)

  1. (computing) A program for archiving files, common on Unix.
  2. (computing) A file produced by such a program.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

tar (third-person singular simple present tars, present participle tarring, simple past and past participle tarred)

  1. (computing) To create a tar archive.
Antonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

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From Persian تار‎ (târ).

Hasht-Behesht Palace tar.jpg

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

tar (plural tars)

  1. (music) a Persian long-necked, waisted instrument, shared by many cultures and countries in the Middle East and the Caucasus
Translations[edit]

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin stāre, present active infinitive of stō. Compare Spanish estar, Aragonese estar, Galician estar, Portuguese estar, Catalan estar.

Verb[edit]

tar

  1. to be (referring to geographical place)
  2. to be (referring to something temporary)
  3. to be (for use in constructing continuous verb forms)
    tas xugando
    you are playing

Conjugation[edit]

Impersonal forms
Infinitive tar
Gerund tando
Past participle tao
Personal forms
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Indicative Present to
toi
tas ta tamos táis tán
Imperfect preterite taba tabes taba tábamos~tábemos tabais~tabeis taben
Perfect preterite tuvi
tevi
tuvisti
tuviesti
tuvo
tevo
tuvimos
tuviemos
tuvistis
tuviestis
tuvieron
Pluperfect preterite tuviera~tuviere tuvieras~tuvieres tuviera~tuviere tuviéramos~tuviéremos tuvierais~tuviereis tuvieran~tuvieren
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Subjunctive Present tea teas tea teamos teáis tean
Imperfect preterite tuviera~tuviere tuvieras~tuvieres tuviera~tuviere tuviéramos~tuviéremos tuvierais~tuviereis tuvieran~tuvieren
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Potential Future taré tarás tará taremos taréis tarán
Conditional taría taríes taría taríamos~taríemos taríais~taríeis taríen
- tu vusté nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós vustedes
Imperative ta vamos tar tái

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tar

  1. bald

Synonyms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tar (present analytic tagann, future analytic tiocfaidh, verbal noun teacht, past participle tagtha)

  1. to come

Conjugation[edit]

Forms based on the stem tig- (e.g. tigim and tig/tigeann) are found in Ulster and parts of Munster; forms based on the stem teag- (e.g. teagaim and teagann) are found in parts of Connacht.

The present analytic tig is particularly common in tar le (be able).

The obsolete present subjunctive is now found only in the preposition go dtí (to, toward, up to, until).

Alternative forms of the second-person singular imperative include tair in Munster, teara in Connemara, and gabh in Ulster.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tar thar dtar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

tar

  1. rafsi of tarci.

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic طار (ṭá:ra, to fly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tar (imperfect itir, past participle mtajjar)

  1. to fly

Conjugation[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Verb[edit]

tar (verbal noun çheet, simple past haink)

  1. come

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Welsh tra and Latin trāns.

Preposition[edit]

tar (with accusative)

  1. over, across

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tar

  1. (Portugal) Nonstandard spelling of estar.
    • 1983, Manuel da Costa Fontes, Romanceiro da Ilha de São Jorge, Universidade de Coimbra, page 236:
      Eu 'tou aqui nesta serra
      I'm here in this mountain chain

Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

tar

  1. present tense of ta.