rat

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See also: Rat and rät

English[edit]

A brown rat, one of the many species of rat.
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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English rat, rotte, from Old English ræt, from Proto-Germanic *rattaz, *rattō (compare West Frisian rôt, Dutch rat, dialectal German Ratz), from Proto-Indo-European *reh₁d- (to scrape) (compare Welsh rhathu (to grate, rasp), Latin rōdō (to gnaw), rōstrum (beak, prow), Middle Persian randītan (to scrape, smooth), Sanskrit rádati (he gnaws, cuts)).

Noun[edit]

rat (plural rats)

  1. (zoology) A medium-sized rodent belonging to the genus Rattus.
    • 2013 May-June, Charles T. Ambrose, “Alzheimer’s Disease”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 200: 
      Similar studies of rats have employed four different intracranial resorbable, slow sustained release systems—surgical foam, a thermal gel depot, a microcapsule or biodegradable polymer beads.
  2. (informal) A term indiscriminately applied to numerous members of several rodent families (e.g. voles and mice) having bodies longer than about 12 cm, or 5 inches.
  3. (informal) A person who is known for betrayal; a scoundrel; a quisling.
    What a rat, leaving us stranded here!
  4. (informal) An informant or snitch.
  5. (slang) A person who routinely spends time at a particular location.
    Our teenager has become a mall rat.
    He loved hockey and was a devoted rink rat.
  6. Scab.
  7. (north-west London, slang) Vagina.
    Get your rat out.
  8. A wad of shed hair used as part of a hairstyle.
Synonyms[edit]
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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rat (third-person singular simple present rats, present participle ratting, simple past and past participle ratted)

  1. (usually with “on” or “out”) To betray someone and tell their secret to an authority or an enemy; to turn someone in, bewray.
    He ratted on his coworker.
    He is going to rat us out!
  2. (of a dog, etc.) To kill rats.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

rat m (plural rats)

  1. rat

Synonyms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rat n (singular definite rattet, plural indefinite rat)

  1. wheel, steering wheel

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rat f (plural ratten, diminutive ratje n)

  1. rat

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French rat (rat), from Old French rat (rat), from Frankish *rato (rat), from Proto-Germanic *rat(t)ēn, *rataz, *rattō (rat), from Proto-Indo-European *rēd- (to scrape, scratch, gnaw). Cognate with Old High German rato (rat), Old Saxon ratta (rat), Old English ræt (rat). More at rat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rat m (plural rats)

  1. rat
  2. (informal) sweetheart
  3. scrooch

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Guernésiais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French rat (rat), from Proto-Germanic *rat(t)ēn, *rataz, *rattō (rat), from Proto-Indo-European *rēd- (to scrape, scratch, gnaw).

Noun[edit]

rat m (plural rats)

  1. rat

Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French rat (rat), from Proto-Germanic *rat(t)ēn, *rataz, *rattō (rat), from Proto-Indo-European *rēd- (to scrape, scratch, gnaw).

Noun[edit]

rat m (plural rats)

  1. rat

Derived terms[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

rat

  1. rafsi of ratni.

Occitan[edit]

Noun[edit]

rat m (plural rats)

  1. (Rattus rattus)[1] black rat

Synonyms[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Gui Benoèt, "Las bèstias", 2008, Toulouse, IEO Edicions, 2008, ISBN 978-2-85910-454-2, p. 161

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of Germanic origin, from Proto-Germanic *rat(t)ēn, *rataz, *rattō (rat), from Proto-Indo-European *rēd- (to scrape, scratch, gnaw).

Noun[edit]

rat m (oblique plural raz or ratz, nominative singular raz or ratz, nominative plural rat)

  1. rat (rodent)

Descendants[edit]

  • French: rat
  • Guernésiais: rat
  • Jèrriais: rat

Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit रक्त (rakta, blood). Compare dialectal Hindi रात (rāt) and Punjabi ਰੱਤ (ratt, blood).

Noun[edit]

rat m (plural rat)

  1. blood

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Frankish *rato (rat), from Proto-Germanic *rat(t)ēn, *rataz, *rattō (rat), from Proto-Indo-European *rēd- (to scrape, scratch, gnaw).

Noun[edit]

rat m (plural rats)

  1. (Surmiran) rat

Synonyms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ortь.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rȁt m (Cyrillic spelling ра̏т)

  1. war
    Samo idioti misle da rat rješava probleme. (Ijekavian)
    Samo idioti misle da rat rešava probleme. (Ekavian)
    Only idiots think that war solves problems.

Declension[edit]


Torres Strait Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English rat.

Noun[edit]

rat

  1. rat or mouse

Synonyms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English rat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rat (plural rats)

  1. rat (rodent of the family Muridae)

Declension[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]