fast

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See also: -fast, fást, and fäst

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English fast, from Old English fæst (fast, fixed, firm, secure; constant, steadfast; stiff, heavy, dense; obstinate, bound, costive; enclosed, closed, watertight; strong, fortified), from Proto-Germanic *fastaz, *fastijaz, *fastuz (fast, firm, secure); see it for cognates and further etymology.

The development of “rapid” from an original sense of “secure” apparently happened first in the adverb and then transferred to the adjective; compare hard in expressions like “to run hard”. The original sense of “secure, firm” is now slightly archaic, but retained in the related fasten (make secure).

Adjective[edit]

fast (comparative faster, superlative fastest)

  1. (dated) Firmly or securely fixed in place; stable. [from 9th c.]
    That rope is dangerously loose. Make it fast!
  2. Firm against attack; fortified by nature or art; impregnable; strong.
    • Spenser
      outlaws [] lurking in woods and fast places
  3. (of people) Steadfast, with unwavering feeling. (Now only in set phrases like "fast friend".) [from 10th c.]
  4. Moving with great speed, or capable of doing so; swift, rapid. [from 14th c.]
    I am going to buy a fast car.
  5. (computing, of a piece of hardware) Able to transfer data in a short period of time.
  6. Deep or sound (of sleep); fast asleep (of people). [16th-19th c.]
    • Shakespeare
      all this while in a most fast sleep
  7. (of dyes or colours) Not running or fading when subjected to detrimental conditions such as wetness or intense light; permanent. [from 17th c.]
    All the washing has come out pink. That red tee-shirt was not fast.
  8. (obsolete) Tenacious; retentive.
    • Francis Bacon
      Roses, damask and red, are fast flowers of their smells.
  9. (colloquial) Having an extravagant lifestyle or immoral habits. [from 18th c.]
    She's fast – she slept with him on their first date..
  10. Ahead of the correct time or schedule. [from 19th c.]
    There must be something wrong with the hall clock. It is always fast.
  11. (of photographic film) More sensitive to light than average. [from 20th c.]
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (occurring or happening within a short time): slow
  • (ahead of the correct time or schedule): slow, behind
  • (firmly or securely fixed in place): loose
  • (firm against attack): penetrable, weak
  • (of sleep: deep or sound): light
Derived terms[edit]

(bound, secured):

(rapid):

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fast (comparative faster, superlative fastest)

  1. In a firm or secure manner, securely; in such a way as not to be moved [from 10th c.].
    Hold this rope as fast as you can.
  2. (of sleeping) Deeply or soundly [from 13th c.].
    He is fast asleep.
  3. Immediately following in place or time; close, very near [from 13th c.].
    The horsemen came fast on our heels.
  4. Quickly, with great speed; within a short time [from 13th c.].
    • 2013 August 17, “Pennies streaming from heaven”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8849: 
      Faster than a speeding bit, the internet upended media and entertainment companies. Piracy soared, and sales of albums and films slid. Newspapers lost advertising and readers to websites. Stores selling books, CDs and DVDs went bust. Doomsayers predicted that consumers and advertisers would abandon pay-television en masse in favour of online alternatives.
    Do it as fast as you can.
  5. Ahead of the correct time or schedule.
    I think my watch is running fast.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (quickly): slowly
  • (in a firm or secure manner): loosely
  • (of sleeping: deeply or soundly): lightly
  • (ahead of the correct time or schedule): behind
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

fast (plural fasts)

  1. (UK, rail transport) A train that calls at only some stations it passes between its origin and destination, typically just the principal stations
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

fast

  1. (archery) Short for "stand fast", a warning not to pass between the arrow and the target
Antonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English fasten, from Old English fæstan (verb), from Proto-Germanic *fastijaną. Cognate with Dutch vasten, German fasten, Old Norse fasta, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽 (fastan), Russian пост (post). The noun is probably from Old Norse fasta.

Verb[edit]

fast (third-person singular simple present fasts, present participle fasting, simple past and past participle fasted)

  1. (intransitive) To abstain from food, or eat very little, especially for religious or medical reasons.
    Muslims fast during Ramadan.
    • Bible, 2 Sam. xii. 21
      Thou didst fast and weep for the child.
    • Milton
      Fasting he went to sleep, and fasting waked.
    • 2007, John Zerzan, Silence, p. 3,
      It is at the core of the Vision Quest, the solitary period of fasting and closeness to the earth to discover one's life path and purpose.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

fast (plural fasts)

  1. The act or practice of abstaining from food or of eating very little food
  2. The period of time during which one abstains from or eats very little food
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fast (neuter fast, definite and plural faste)

  1. firm
  2. solid
  3. tight
  4. fixed
  5. permanent
  6. regular
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German fast (almost, nearly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fast

  1. (dated) almost, nearly
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See faste (to fast).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /faːst/, [fæːˀsd̥]

Verb[edit]

fast

  1. Imperative of faste.

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old High German fasto, compare fest. Cognate with English adverb fast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fast

  1. almost; nearly
    Fast 60 Spielfilme sind zu sehen. — “There are almost 60 feature films to see.”
  2. (in a negative clause) hardly

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (almost, nearly): ganz

External links[edit]

  • fast in Duden online

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English fæst.

Adverb[edit]

fast

  1. fast (quickly)

Descendants[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Adjective[edit]

fast (neuter singular fast, definite singular and plural faste)

  1. solid, steady, firm, fixed
    fast telefon - fixed phone

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

fast

  1. imperative of faste

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Adjective[edit]

fast (neuter singular fast, definite singular and plural faste)

  1. solid, steady, firm, fixed

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Adjective[edit]

fast

  1. solid, firm

Declension[edit]



Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse fastr, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fast

  1. caught (unable to move freely), captured
    Bankrånaren är nu fast
    The bank robber has now been caught (by the police)
  2. firm, fastened, unmoving
    Ge mig en fast punkt, och jag skall flytta världen
    Give me one firm spot, and I'll move the world
  3. solid (as opposed to liquid)
    fasta tillståndets fysik
    solid state physics

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fast

  1. fixed, firmly, steadily (synonymous to the adjective)
    att sitta fast
    to be stuck
    att sätta fast
    to attach
  2. almost, nearly
    och hade bedrifvit underslef af fast otrolig omfattning
    and had committed embezzlement of a almost unbelievable extent.

Conjunction[edit]

fast

  1. although, even though
    Farsan löper också bra, fast inte lika fort.
    Dad also runs well, although not as fast.

Related terms[edit]