From Middle English subget, from Old French suget, from Latin subiectus (“lying under or near, adjacent, also subject, exposed”), as a noun, subiectus (“a subject, an inferior”), subiectum (“the subject of a proposition”), past participle of subiciō (“throw, lay, place”), from sub (“under, at the foot of”) + iaciō (“throw, hurl”).
- Adjective and Noun
subject (comparative more subject, superlative most subject)
- Likely to be affected by or experience something.
- Menu listings and prices are subject to change.
- He's subject to sneezing fits.
- Conditional upon.
- The local board sets local policy, subject to approval from the State Board.
likely to be affected by something
subject (plural subjects)
- (grammar) In a clause: the word or word group (usually a noun phrase) that is dealt with. In active clauses with verbs denoting an action, the subject and the actor are usually the same.
- “In the sentence ‘The mouse is eaten by the cat in the kitchen.’, ‘The mouse’ is the subject, ‘the cat’ being the agent.”
- The main topic of a paper, work of art, discussion, etc.
- 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 5, The Hocussing of Cigarette:
- Then I had a good think on the subject of the hocussing of Cigarette, and I was reluctantly bound to admit that once again the man in the corner had found the only possible solution to the mystery.
- A particular area of study.
- Her favorite subject is physics.
- A citizen in a monarchy.
- I am a British subject.
- A person ruled over by another, especially a monarch or state authority.
- (music) The main theme or melody, especially in a fugue.
Derived terms 
- Arabic: موضوع (ar) (mawḍūʕ) m
- Asturian: materia (ast) f
- Catalan: matèria (ca) f
- Mandarin: 主題 (cmn) (zhǔtí)
- Danish: emne (da) n, tema (da) n
- Dutch: onderwerp (nl)
- Esperanto: temo (eo)
- Estonian: aine (et), teema (et)
- Finnish: aihe (fi), teema (fi)
- French: sujet (fr) m
- Galician: materia (gl) f
- German: Thema (de) n, Gegenstand (de) m, Sache (de) f, Sujet (de) n, (email) Betreff (de) m
- Greek: θέμα (el) (théma) n , προκείμενο (el) (prokeímeno) n
- Hebrew: נושא (he) (noseh) m
- Hungarian: tárgy (hu), téma (hu)
- Icelandic: efni (is) n, umræðuefni (is) n, umtalsefni (is) n, viðfangsefni (is) n, yrkisefni (is) n
- Interlingua: thema (ia)
- Italian: soggetto (it) m
- Japanese: 主題 (ja) (しゅだい, shudai)
particular area of study
- Arabic: دورة (ar) (dáura) f
- Bashkir: фән (fän)
- Czech: předmět (cs) m
- Danish: fag (da) n, emne (da) n
- Dutch: vak (nl) n, vakgebied (nl) n
- Esperanto: studobjekto (eo), lernobjekto (eo)
- Estonian: aine (et)
- Finnish: ala (fi), aihealue (fi), aine (fi)
- French: matière (fr) f, discipline (fr) f
- German: Fach (de) n, Schulfach (de) n, Unterrichtsfach (de) n, Studienfach (de) n, Lehrfach (de) n
- Greek: αντικείμενο (el) (antikeímeno) n
- Hungarian: tárgy (hu)
- Icelandic: fag (is) n, námsgrein (is) f, grein (is) f
- Italian: materia (it) f, disciplina (it) f, corso (it) m
- Japanese: 学科 (ja) (がっか, gakka), 科目 (ja) (かもく, kamoku)
- Korean: 헉과 (ko) (hakgwa), 과목 (ko) (gwamok)
person ruled over by another, especially a monarch or state authority
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
See also 
subject (third-person singular simple present subjects, present participle subjecting, simple past and past participle subjected)
- (transitive, construed with to) To cause (someone or something) to undergo a particular experience, especially one that is unpleasant or unwanted.
External links