treat

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman treter, Old French tretier, from Latin trāctare (to pull", "to manage), from the past participle stem of trahere (to draw", "to pull).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /tɹit/, [tɹiʔ(t̚)], [t͡ʃɹiʔ(t̚)]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːt

Verb[edit]

treat (third-person singular simple present treats, present participle treating, simple past and past participle treated)

  1. (intransitive) To negotiate, discuss terms, bargain (for or with). [from 13th c.]
    • 1955, J. R. R. Tolkien, The Return of the King, George Allen & Unwin:
      Now halting a few paces before the Captains of the West he looked them up and down and laughed. 'Is there any in this rout with authority to treat with me?' he asked.
    • 1985, Lawrence Durrell, Quinx, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p. 1365:
      After all, in this hideous war we have just passed through never forget that Halifax would have treated with Hitler: it took Churchill to refuse.
    • 2010, David Mitchell, The Observer, 6 Jun 2010:
      I wouldn't promote businesses I considered immoral – ambulance-chasing lawyers or online roulette for example – but I've got nothing against computer or software manufacture: they're important and any reputable company in that industry is welcome to treat for my services.
  2. (intransitive) To discourse; to handle a subject in writing or speaking; to conduct a discussion. [from 14th c.]
    Cicero's writing treats mainly of old age and personal duty.
    • Milton
      Now of love they treat.
  3. (transitive) To discourse on; to represent or deal with in a particular way, in writing or speaking. [from 14th c.]
    The article treated feminism as a quintessentially modern movement.
  4. (transitive, intransitive, obsolete) To entreat or beseech (someone). [14th-17th c.]
    Only let my family live, I treat thee.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ld. Berners to this entry?)
  5. (transitive) To handle, deal with or behave towards in a specific way. [from 14th c.]
    You treated me like a fool.
    She was tempted to treat the whole affair as a joke.
  6. (transitive) To entertain with food or drink, especially at one's own expense; to show hospitality to; to pay for as celebration or reward. [from 16th c.]
    I treated my son to some popcorn in the interval.
    I've done so well this month, I'll treat you all to dinner (or 'Dinner is my treat.)
    My husband treated me to a Paris holiday for our anniversary.
  7. (transitive) To care for medicinally or surgically; to apply medical care to. [from 18th c.]
    They treated me for malaria.
  8. (transitive) To subject to a chemical or other action; to act upon with a specific scientific result in mind. [from 19th c.]
    He treated the substance with sulphuric acid.
    I treated the photo somewhat to make the colours more pronounced.
  9. This word needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    • 2012, Chelsea 6-0 Wolves [1]
      The Chelsea captain was a virtual spectator as he was treated to his side's biggest win for almost two years as Stamford Bridge serenaded him with chants of "there's only one England captain," some 48 hours after he announced his retirement from international football.

Usage notes[edit]

In the dialects found in Yorkshire and North East England, the past tense form treat (but pronounced tret) is sometimes encountered.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

treat (plural treats)

  1. An entertainment, outing, or other indulgence provided by someone for the enjoyment of others.
    I took the kids to the zoo for a treat.
  2. An unexpected gift, event etc., which provides great pleasure.
    It was such a treat to see her back in action on the London stage.
  3. (obsolete) A parley or discussion of terms; a negotiation.
  4. (obsolete) An entreaty.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]