с

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Character  с 
Unicode name CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES
Unicode block Cyrillic
Codepoint U+0441

Bulgarian[edit]

Cyrillic letter С с
(С с), normal above, italics below.
Handwritten forms

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

с (s) (lower case, upper case С)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Bulgarian Cyrillic alphabet. Its name is съ (sɤ) and it has the sound of English s. It is preceded by Р and followed by Т.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

  • (before vowels and voiceless consonants) IPA(key): /s/
  • (before voiced consonants) IPA(key): /z/

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

с (s)

  1. in the company of, alongside, with, and
    Той отиде с приятелите си. - He went with his friends.
    мляко с кафе - coffee with milk
    ние с тебе - you and I
    хляб с масло - bread and butter
  2. used to indicate interaction, with
    смесвам се с тълпата - to mingle with the crowd
  3. used to show the instrument of the action, with, by, by means of
    режа с нож - to cut with a knife
    пътувам с кола/автобус/влак - to travel by car/bus/train
  4. used to indicate the material used, in
    пиша с мастило - to write in ink
    работя с метали - to work in metals
    търгувам с жито - to deal in wheat
  5. used to show how or in what way something is done, with, by
    Той говореше за дъщеря си с голяма гордост. - He spoke about his daughter with great pride.
    слушам с внимание - to listen with attention
    стоя с ръце в джобовете - to stand with one's hands in one's pockets
    с всичка сила - with all one's might
    с главата напред - head foremost
    с глас - aloud
    с глух глас - in a toneless voice
    с един удар - at one blow
    с една дума - in a word
    с цената на - at the cost of
    със сила - by force
    улучвам с първия изстрел - to hit at the first shot
  6. because of something and as it happens, with
    Сенките се издължиха с наближаването на залеза. - The shadows lengthened with the approach of sunset.
    Умението идва с практика. - Skill comes with practice.
  7. used to indicate simultaneous happening, or immediate succession or consequence, with
    Книгата падна на пода с голям трясък. - The book fell to the floor with a loud bang.
    С влизането попита стопанина дали може да пренощува. - Immediately after he entered he asked the landlord if he could spend the night there.
  8. used to indicate according to what something develops or changes, with, over
    Налягането се мени с дълбочината. - The pressure varies with the depth.
    Здравето ѝ трябва да се подобри с времето. - Her health should improve with time.
    Тя се промени много с годините. - She has changed a lot over the years.
  9. having a particular characteristic, possession, etc., with, of
    момче със зелени очи - a boy with green eyes
    яке с качулка - a jacket with a hood
    човек с куфар - a man with a suitcase
    човек с голям опит - a man of great experience
    човек с весел нрав - a man of a cheerful disposition
    човек с вид на чужденец - a man of foreign appearance
  10. used to indicate the specific thing or person that is being referred to, with
    Моля те, внимавай с тези кутии. - Please be careful with those boxes.
    Те са в приятелски отношения със съседите си. - They are on friendly terms with their neighbors.
    Не съм много добре с компютрите. I'm not very good with computers.
  11. used to say that someone or something is the object of attention, behavior, or a feeling, with, to, towards, of
    гордея се с някого - to be proud of someone
    подигравам се с някого - to make fun of someone
    Какво стана с приятеля ти? - What happened with your friend?
    любезен/груб с някого - polite/rude to/towards someone
  12. in the performance, condition, behavior, or quality of something/someone, with
    Какъв е проблемът с колата ти? - What's the problem with your car?
    Лекарите се опитват да разберат какво не е наред с него. - The doctors are trying to figure out what is wrong with him.
  13. used in exclamations consisting of a repeated noun phrase and expressing blame, indignation, dissatisfaction, etc.
    Глупак с глупак! - You silly fool!
    Глупака му с глупак! - The silly fool!
  14. used to indicate the thing or person that replaces something/someone, for, by, with
    заменям A с B - to replace A by B
    Бих искал да заменя този пуловер с по-малък. - I'd like to exchange this sweater for a smaller one.
    Замених старото килимче с ново. - I replaced the old rug with a new one.
  15. used to indicate a large amount of something (most commonly time), for, in
    Чаках те с часове в дъжда. - I waited for you for hours in the rain.
    Не съм го виждал с години. - I haven't seen him in years.
    Хора с хиляди се тълпяха да я видят. - People flocked in their thousands to see her.
  16. used when comparing to indicate the difference in quantity, age, etc., by, with
    с един метър по-дълъг - longer by one metre/a metre longer
    с няколко години по-млад - a few years younger
    Закъснях с 10 минути. - I was 10 minutes late/too late by ten minutes.
    с един ден по-рано - a day early/too soon
    в сравнение с - in comparison with/compared with
  17. used to indicate connection, joining, with, to
    Полицията не можаха да я свържат с престъплението. - Police were unable to connect her with/to the crime.
    свързвам се с някого - to get in touch with someone
  18. used to indicate separation from someone/something, with
    Тя се раздели с приятелите си заради инцидента. - She broke ties with her friends because of the incident.
  19. in opposition to somebody/something, with, against
    боря се с бедността - to struggle against poverty
    бия се с някого - to fight with somebody
    играя футбол с някого - to play football with somebody
    Скарахме се със съседите заради височината на оградата. - We had a disagreement with our neighbors over the height of the new fence.
  20. used to say that something fills something, covers something, etc., with, of, by
    Гаражът е пълен с боклуци. - The garage is filled with junk.
    бутилка, пълна с мляко - a bottle full of milk
    ваза с цветя - a vase of flowers
    Стената цялата е покрита с графити. - The wall is completely covered with graffiti.
    Езерото е заобиколено с дървета. - The lake is surrounded with/by trees.
  21. used in wishes, greetings, salutations, parting phrases, etc.
    Със здраве! - So long!
    с най-добри пожелания - (with) best wishes
    с поздрав - best regards
    с уважение - respectfully yours
    сбогом - goodbye
Usage notes[edit]

In writing, със is used in front of words starting with с or з and с is used elsewhere. In speech, с and със are used interchangeably. In writing and in speech, със is also used as a stressed form of с, even before words not beginning with с or з, as in със или без твоя помощ - with or without your help. In verse, със can also be used in front of words not starting with с or з in order to maintain the syllable structure of the line.


Ossetian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

с (s) (upper case С)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Ossetian alphabet

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

с (s) (lower case, upper case С)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Russian Cyrillic alphabet. Its name is эс (ɛs) and it has the sound of English s. It is preceded by Р and followed by Т.

Preposition[edit]

с (со before words with certain awkward consonant clusters such as мн, вс, and сн.)

  1. with (+ instrumental case)
    с удовольствием (s udovól’stvijem) — with pleasure
    с братом (s brátom) — with my brother
    со всеми (so vsémi) — with everybody
    со мной (so mnoj) — with me
  2. from, off, from off, from below, because of, since (+ genitive case)
    с почты (s póčty) — from the post office
    с работы (s rabóty) — from work
    со стола (so stolá) — off the table
  3. for, about (indefinite time or number) (+ accusative case)

Abbreviation[edit]

с (санти-, santi-)

  1. centi- (0.01)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

с (Latin spelling s)

  1. The 21st letter of the Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic alphabet, preceded by р and followed by т.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (see usage notes) са

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

с (Latin spelling s)

  1. (with instrumental) with, together with, along with
    радити с неким — to work with somebody
    свађати се с неким — to quarrel with somebody
    ратовати с неким — to wage war with somebody
    д(ј)евојка с плавом косом — a girl with blonde hair
    с годинама долази мудрост — with age comes wisdom
    с љубављу — with love
  2. (with instrumental) miscellaneous prepositional senses in various phrases
    што је с тобом? — what's wrong with you?
    с временом — in time
    поздравити се с неким — to greet somebody
  3. (with genitive) from, off
    пао сам са стабла — I fell from the tree
    с друге стране — on the other side
    са запада — from the west
    с леђа — from the back
    проматрати с прозора — to observe from the window
    људи с планине — people from the mountain
  4. (with genitive) because of (= из, збо̏г)
    с тог разлога — because of that reason
Usage notes[edit]

с takes the alternative form са in the following environments:

  • before /s, š, z, ž/:
    са стра́не̄ — aside
    са шко̑ло̄м — with school
    са зу̑бом — with tooth
    са живо̀том — with life
  • before consonant clusters where the second consonant is /s, š, z/:
    са̀ псом (са псо̏м) — with dog
    са пшѐницо̄м — with wheat
    са р̏за̄њем — with neighing
  • before instrumental form of first-person pronoun ја̑ (I)
    са̏ мно̑м — with me

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

с (Roman spelling s)

  1. (grammar) neuter gender (средњи род)