по

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по (po)

  1. used to indicate movement over a surface or movement bound to certain limits (usually continuous or repeating in time), on, over, through, along
    Вървя по улицата.Vǎrvja po ulicata. ― I am walking on the street.
  2. introducing the object of a targeted action or for an action related to certain state, on, over, for
    Потупaх го по рамото.Potupah go po ramoto. ― I tapped him on the shoulder.
    Ударих го по главата.Udarih go po glavata. ― I hit him on/over the head.
    Тъгувам по лятото.Tǎguvam po ljatoto. ― I long for the summer.
  3. in conjunction with countable nouns for price or quantity, expressing quantity, expressing distribution, by
    По евро за книга.Po evro za kniga. ― A euro for a book.
    Двама по двама.Dvama po dvama. ― Two by two.
    Тичам по малко (всеки ден).Tičam po malko (vseki den). ― I am running a little (every day).
  4. expressing approximate time
    По обед.Po obed.Around lunchtime.
    По Коледа.Po Koleda.Around Christmas.
  5. used to describe attire, with ... on
    Ходя по чорапи.Hodja po čorapi. ― I am walking with my socks on.
  6. used to indicate means, by, via, on
    Пращам го по автобус.Praštam go po avtobus. ― I am sending it by bus.
    Пращам го по въздушна поща.Praštam go po vǎzdušna pošta. ― I am sending it via airmail.
    Говоря по телефона.Govorja po telefona. ― I am talking on the phone.
  7. indicating an activity or it's domain, of
    Учител по история.Učitel po istorija. ― History teacher.
    Факултет по физика.Fakultet po fizika. ― Faculty of physics.
  8. according to, based on, by, of
    Съдя го по външността му.Sǎdja go po vǎnšnostta mu. ― I am judging him by his appearance.
    Работя по усмотрение.Rabotja po usmotrenie. ― I work of my own accord.
  9. used to indicate cause, by
    Пропуснато е по погрешка.Propusnato e po pogreška. ― It is missed by mistake.
    По негова вина закъснях.Po negova vina zakǎsnjah. ― It is his fault I was late.
  10. used to indicate direction, along
    Плувам по течението.Pluvam po tečenieto. ― I am swimming along the current.
    Ходя по пътеката.Hodja po pǎtekata. ― I am walking along the path.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Particle[edit]

по (po)

  1. used as a prefix to form comparative for adjectives and adverbs, more
    Корабите са по-бавни от самолетите.Korabite sa po-bavni ot samoletite. ― Ships are slower than airplanes.
    Този филм е по-интересен.Tozi film e po-interesen. ― This film is more interesting.
    Трябва да ходя по-бързо.Trjabva da hodja po-bǎrzo. ― I should walk faster.

пò ()

  1. used for nouns, verbs and other parts of speech to form a comparative, more
    Пò я обичам! ja običam! ― I love her more!
    Той е пò юнак от теб.Toj e junak ot teb. ― He is more of a hero than you.
  2. used before prepositions to form a comparative, more
    Областта е пò на север.Oblastta e na sever. ― The region is more northwards.

See also[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по (po)

  1. after
    Ќе се вратат по вечерата.
    They'll return after dinner.
  2. on (movement along a surface)
    Одам по улицата.
    I'm walking on the street.
  3. by (distributive)
    Влезете еден по еден.
    Enter one by one.
  4. times
    Два по два е четири.
    Two times two is four.
  5. (colloquial) according to
    По тебе, што ќе се случи следно?
    According to you, what's going to happen next?

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по (po)

  1. along
  2. on
  3. after
  4. by

References[edit]

  • Mali staroslavensko-hrvatski rječnik, Matica hrvatska, Zagreb, 2004

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *po.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по (po)

  1. with accusative case
    1. up to
    2. till
    3. indicates distribution (with numbers other than one, a thousand, a million, a billion)
      по́ два (две) / по две́стиpó dva (dve) / po dvésti ― two / two hundred each
  2. with dative case
    1. along
    2. over
    3. on
    4. according to
    5. showing the cause that is unwanting or unwilling (see из-за's usage notes for more detail)
    6. indicates the direct object of some verbs of striking or hitting
      нанести́ уда́р по я́дерным объе́ктам Ира́наnanestí udár po jádernym obʺjéktam Irána ― to launch a strike at Iran's nuclear ambitions
    7. indicates repetition of time
    8. indicates distribution (with numbers one, a thousand, a million, a billion)
      по одному́ (одно́й) / по ты́сяче / по миллио́ну / по миллиа́рдуpo odnomú (odnój) / po týsjače / po milliónu / po milliárdu ― one / a thousand / a million / a billion each
  3. with prepositional case
    1. after
    2. for

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From пол, from Proto-Slavic *polъ. See по-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

по̑ (Latin spelling )

  1. half
    сат и по ― hour and a half
    четири и по ― four thirty
    чов(ј)ек и по ― an excellent man

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *po, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)po.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по̏ (Latin spelling )

  1. (with accusative) for
    отићи по мл(иј)еко ― to go and get the milk
    по ц(иј)ели дан ― all day long
    по шести пут ― for the sixth time
    бити штетан по некога/нешто ― to be harmful for sb/sth
    добро/лоше по њега ― good/bad for him
  2. (with locative) over, through, across, in, on
    ударити по глави ― to hit on the head
    сн(иј)ег је пао по цести ― snow fell on the road
    вода се пролила по поду ― water spilled over the floor
    шетати по шуми ― to walk in the woods
  3. (with locative) by, with (using an intermediary)
    послао сам му пакет по заједничком пријатељу ― I've sent him a package with a common friend
  4. (with locative) by, according to
    све иде по плану ― everything is going according to the plan
    по глави становника ― per capita
    жив(ј)ети по принципима ― to live according to principles
    по мом(е) мишљењу ― in my opinion
    по мом рачуну ― by my reckoning
    по мени ― in my opinion; as far as I'm concerned
    по зраку/води ― by air/water
    по запов(иј)еди ― by order
    свирати по слуху ― to play by the ear
    судити по вањштини ― to judge by appearance
  5. (with locative) after
    по свршетку сукоба ― after (the end of) the conflict
  6. (with locative) during
    по киши/сунцу ― in the rain/sun
    по дану ― during the day
  7. (with locative) in miscellaneous senses in various phrasal constructs
    разум(иј)е се (само) по себи ― it goes without saying
    нека буде по твоме ― let it be your way
    Америка је прва држава по богатству у св(иј)ету ― America is the richest country in the world
    једнак по величини ― equal in size
    све је по старом ― everything is/goes in the accustomed/usual manner
    по обичају ― as usual, according to custom
    по вр(иј)едности ― in value
    по свој прилици ― in all likelihood
    по роду ― by birth
    по нарави/природи ― in nature
    по тој ц(иј)ени ― at this price
    по параграфу 13 ― under section 13
    по што по то ― by all means
    по могућности ― if possible
    по реду ― in order, one after another
    по мом укусу ― (according) to my taste
    по квалитети ― by quality
    по томе ― according to this/that, accordingly, consequently, then
    по закону ― according to the law, by the law
    по дуљини ― lengthwise

Etymology 3[edit]

Particle[edit]

по (Latin spelling po)

  1. (with accusative or nominative) denoting distribution and succession
    попили смо сви по чашицу ракије ― we all drank a glass of rakija
    корак по корак ― step by step
    један по један ― one by one
    мало по мало ― little by little
    сви смо добили по јабуку ― each of us received an apple

References[edit]

  • по” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • по” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Tajik[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pṓds (foot), cognates include Sanskrit पद् (pád), Latin pes (French pied), German Fuß, English foot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari پا
Iranian Persian پا
Tajik по (po)

по (po)

  1. leg, foot

See also[edit]


Tundra Nenets[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Samoyedic *poəj.

Noun[edit]

по (po)

  1. year