below

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See also: bellow

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bilooghe, from Middle English bi “by” + looghe “low”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

below

  1. Lower in spatial position than.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, The Celebrity:
      One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.
    The treasure is buried two meters below the surface.
  2. Lower in value, price, rank or concentration than.
    • Addison
      one degree below kings
    • 2013 July-August, Philip J. Bushnell, “Solvents, Ethanol, Car Crashes & Tolerance”, American Scientist: 
      Surprisingly, this analysis revealed that acute exposure to solvent vapors at concentrations below those associated with long-term effects appears to increase the risk of a fatal automobile accident. Furthermore, this increase in risk is comparable to the risk of death from leukemia after long-term exposure to benzene, another solvent, which has the well-known property of causing this type of cancer.
    The temperature is below zero.
  3. Downstream of.
  4. South of.
  5. Unsuitable to the rank or dignity of; beneath.
    • John Milton
      They beheld, with a just loathing and disdain, [] how below all history the persons and their actions were.
    • Hallam
      who thinks no fact below his regard
    Such petty behavior is below me.
  6. (stage directions) Downstage of.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

below (not comparable)

  1. In a lower place.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, [] .
  2. On a lower storey.
  3. Further down.
  4. (nautical) On a lower deck.
    the landlubbers lying down below
  5. (of a temperature) Below zero.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Look at pages starting with below.

References[edit]

  • Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "The vertical axis", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]