be-

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English be-, bi-, from Old English be- (be-), from Proto-Germanic *bi- (be-), from Proto-Germanic *bi (near, by). See by. Cognate with Dutch be- (be-), German be- (be-), Swedish be- (be-). More at by.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. (rare or no longer productive) By, near, next to, around, close to.
    beleaguer, bestand, beset, besit
  2. (rare or no longer productive) Around; about.
    begather, belay, belook, bestir, belive, besmell, bewrap
  3. (rare or no longer productive) About, regarding, concerning, over.
    bewrite, betalk, betell, bemoan, bemourn, bewail, beknow, besing, bespeak
  4. (rare or no longer productive) On, upon, at, to, in contact with something.
    beclothe, becall, besee, behold, befall, bedo, beshine, besmile, betone
  5. (rare or no longer productive) Off, away, over, across
    becut, bedeal, betake, bego, behead, belimb, beland, benim, bereave, besleeve, betrunk
  6. (rare or no longer productive) As an intensifier; i.e. thoroughly, excessively; completely; utterly.
    bebreak, begladden, belabour, behate, bedazzle
  7. (rare or no longer productive) All around; about; abundantly; all over.
    belave, belick, bescatter, bekiss
  8. (rare or no longer productive) Forming verbs derived from nouns or adjectives, usually with the sense of "to make, become, or cause to be".
    becalm, bedark, befree, befriend, bedim, beken, benight, benothing, bewet, besmooth
  9. (archaic or informal) Used to intensify adjectives meaning "adorned with something" often those with the suffix -ed.
    besequined, befeathered, beclawed, bewebbed, betasseled, beloved

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • the NED and OED

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be- Non-separable

  1. Used to indicate that a verb is acting on a direct object (making the verb transitive). Always unstressed.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German bi-, from Proto-Germanic *bi-, from *bi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies working on something or change of state.
  2. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies touching the object.
  3. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies discussing or mentioning the object.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The verb with this prefix takes very often a direct object (i.e., an object in the accusative case).

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. A verb prefix indicating actions with inward direction.
    megy (to go) → bemegy (to go in to)

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Limburgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Germanic

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies working on something or change of state.
  2. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies touching the object.
  3. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies discussing or mentioning the object.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The verb with this prefix takes very often a direct object (i.e., an object in the accusative case).

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German bi-, from Proto-Germanic *bi-, from *bi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies working on something or change of state.
  2. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies touching the object.
  3. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies discussing or mentioning the object.

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch bi-, be-, from Proto-Germanic *bi-.

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. A verb suffix with a variety of meanings.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Navajo[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. his, her (indicates secondary or alienable possession, in opposition to bi-. See for example akʼah, beʼakʼah)

See also[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An unstressed form of , from Proto-Germanic *bi-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. A productive prefix usually used to form verbs and adjectives, especially:
    verbs with the sense "around, throughout",
    transitive verbs from intransitive verbs, adjectives and nouns.

Old Saxon[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. Alternative form of bi-

Swedish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. same as German be-, often found in German loan-words, primarily verbs and words based on verbs

Usage notes[edit]

In many cases the be- prefix doesn't change the meaning at all, it only makes word look more German. Swedish linguists in the late 19th century (Adolf Noreen, later also Erik Wellander) successfully promoted the idea that this prefix should be dropped from such words, for example befrämja turned into främja.

Derived terms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be-

  1. Used to make an indirect object a direct object.

Derived terms[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Prefix[edit]

be- (basic noun prefix)

  1. Basic (augmentless) form of abe-