near

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English nere, ner, from Old English nēar (nearer, comparative of nēah, "nigh"), influenced by Old Norse nǣr (near), both originating from Proto-Germanic *nēhwiz (nearer), comparative of the adverb *nēhw (near). Cognate with Old Frisian niār (nearer), Dutch naar (to, towards), Old High German nāhōr (nearer), Danish når (when), Swedish när (when).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

near (plural nears)

  1. The left side of a horse or of a team of horses pulling a carriage etc.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

near (comparative nearer, superlative nearest)

  1. Physically close.
    • Dryden
      He served great Hector, and was ever near, / Not with his trumpet only, but his spear.
  2. Closely connected or related.
    • Bible, Leviticus xviii. 12
      She is thy father's near kinswoman.
  3. Close to one's interests, affection, etc.; intimate; dear.
    a near friend
  4. Close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose, or rambling.
    a version near to the original
  5. So as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close; narrow.
    a near escape
  6. (of an event) Approaching.
    The end is near.
  7. Approximate, almost.
    The two words are near synonyms.
  8. (dated) Next to the driver, when he is on foot; (US) on the left of an animal or a team.
    the near ox; the near leg
  9. (obsolete) Immediate; direct; close; short.
    • Milton
      the nearest way
  10. (obsolete, slang) Stingy; parsimonious.

Antonyms[edit]

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the template {{sense|"gloss"}}, substituting a short version of the definition for "gloss".

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

near (comparative nearer, superlative nearest)

  1. Having a small intervening distance with regard to something.
    I'm near-sighted.
  2. (colloquial) nearly
    • 1666 Samuel Pepys Diary and Correspondence (1867)
      ...he hears for certain that the Queen-Mother is about and hath near finished a peace with France....
    • 1825 David Hume, Tobias George Smollett The History of England p. 263
      Sir John Friend had very near completed a regiment of horse.
    • 2003 Owen Parry Honor's Kingdom p. 365
      Thinking about those pounds and pence, I near forgot my wound.
    • 2004 Jimmy Buffett A Salty Piece of Land p. 315, p. 35
      "I damn near forgot." He pulled an envelope from his jacket.
    • 2006 Juliet Marillier The Dark Mirror p. 377
      The fire was almost dead, the chamber near dark.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Preposition[edit]

near

  1. Close to, in close proximity to.
    There are habitable planets orbiting many of the stars near our Sun.
    • 1820, Mary Shelley, Maurice, or The Fisher's Cot:
      He entered the inn, and asking for dinner, unbuckled his wallet, and sat down to rest himself near the door.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 17, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      This time was most dreadful for Lilian. Thrown on her own resources and almost penniless, she maintained herself and paid the rent of a wretched room near the hospital by working as a charwoman, sempstress, anything.
    • 1927, H.P. Lovecraft, The Colour Out of Space:
      It shied, balked, and whinnied, and in the end he could do nothing but drive it into the yard while the men used their own strength to get the heavy wagon near enough the hayloft for convenient pitching.
    • 2013 August 16, John Vidal, “Dams endanger ecology of Himalayas”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 10, page 8: 
      Most of the Himalayan rivers have been relatively untouched by dams near their sources. Now the two great Asian powers, India and China, are rushing to harness them as they cut through some of the world's deepest valleys.
  2. Close to in time.
    The voyage was near completion.
Usage notes[edit]

Joan Maling (1983) shows that near is best analysed as an adjective with which the use of to is optional, rather than a preposition. It has the comparative and the superlative, and it can be followed by enough. The use of to however is usually British.

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

near (third-person singular simple present nears, present participle nearing, simple past and past participle neared)

  1. To come closer to; to approach.
    The ship nears the land.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

near

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of neō

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

near

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of neart
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of neart
  3. 3rd person plural present indicative form of neart
  4. 2nd person singular imperative form of neart
  5. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of neart
  6. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of neart