# time

## English

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### Etymology

From Middle English time, tyme, from Old English tīma (time, period, space of time, season, lifetime, fixed time, favorable time, opportunity), from Proto-Germanic *tīmô (time), from Proto-Indo-European *tī-, from *dī- (time). Cognate with Scots tym, tyme (time), Alemannic German Zimen, Zīmmän (time, time of the year, opportune time, opportunity), Danish time (stound, hour, lesson), Swedish timme (stound, hour), Norwegian time (time, stound, hour), Faroese tími (hour, lesson, time), Icelandic tími (time, season). See also tide.

### Pronunciation

• () enPR: tīm, IPA(key): /taɪm/
•  Audio (US) Sorry, your browser either has JavaScript disabled or does not have any supported player. You can download the clip or download a player to play the clip in your browser. (file)
• (Australia) IPA(key): /tɑem/
• (Can we verify this pronunciation?) (Tasmanian) IPA(key): /tɜːm/
•  Audio (AUS) Sorry, your browser either has JavaScript disabled or does not have any supported player. You can download the clip or download a player to play the clip in your browser. (file)
• Rhymes: -aɪm
• Homophone: thyme

### Interjection

time

1. (tennis) reminder by the umpire for the players to continue playing after their pause

### Noun

time (countable and uncountable, plural times)

1. (uncountable) The inevitable progression into the future with the passing of present events into the past.
Time stops for nobody.   the ebb and flow of time
2. (uncountable) A quantity of availability of duration.
More time is needed to complete the project.   You had plenty of time, but you waited until the last minute.   Are you finished yet? Time’s up!
3. (countable) A measurement of a quantity of time; a numerical or general indication of a length of progression.
a long time;  Record the individual times for the processes in each batch.   Only your best time is compared with the other competitors.   The algorithm runs in $O(n^2)$ time.
• 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, The Celebrity:
I was about to say that I had known the Celebrity from the time he wore kilts. But I see I will have to amend that, because he was not a celebrity then, nor, indeed, did he achieve fame until some time after I left New York for the West.
• 1938, Richard Hughes, In Hazard
The shock of the water, of course, woke him, and he swam for quite a time.
4. () The serving of a prison sentence.
The judge leniently granted a sentence with no hard time.   He is not living at home because he is doing time.
5. (uncountable) How much of a day has passed; the moment, as indicated by a clock or similar device.
Excuse me, have you got the time?   What time is it, do you guess? Ten o’clock?   A computer keeps time using a clock battery.
• 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34:
Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.
6. (countable) A particular moment or hour; the appropriate moment or hour for something (especially with prepositional phrase or imperfect subjunctive).
it’s time for bed;  it’s time to sleep;  we must wait for the right time;  it's time we were going
• 2013 June 7, Joseph Stiglitz, “Globalisation is about taxes too”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 19:
It is time the international community faced the reality: we have an unmanageable, unfair, distortionary global tax regime. It is a tax system that is pivotal in creating the increasing inequality that marks most advanced countries today – with America standing out in the forefront and the UK not far behind.
7. (countable) The measurement under some system of region of day or moment.
Let's synchronize our watches so we're not on different time.
8. (countable) A numerical indication of a particular moment.
at what times do the trains arrive?;  these times were erroneously converted between zones
9. (countable) An instance or occurrence.
When was the last time we went out? I don’t remember.
see you another time;  that’s three times he’s made the same mistake
Okay, but this is the last time. No more after that!
• 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, The Celebrity:
Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.
10. (countable) Ratio of comparison.
your car runs three times faster than mine;  that is four times as heavy as this
11. (countable) An experience.
We had a wonderful time at the party.
• :
I was about to say that I had known the Celebrity from the time he wore kilts. But I see I will have to amend that, because he was not a celebrity then, nor, indeed, did he achieve fame until some time after I left New York for the West.
12. (countable) An era; (with the, sometimes in plural) the current era, the current state of affairs.
Roman times;  the time of the dinosaurs
• (Can we date this quote?) Cicero, First Oration against Catiline (translation)
O the times, O the customs!
• 1601, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
The time is out of joint
13. (uncountable, with possessive) A person's youth or young adulthood, as opposed to the present day.
In my time, we respected our elders.
14. (only in singular, sports and figuratively) Time out; temporary, limited suspension of play.
15. (UK, of pubs) Closing time.
Last call: it's almost time.
16. The hour of childbirth.
• Clarendon
She was within one month of her time.
17. () tense
the time of a verb
18. (music) The measured duration of sounds; measure; tempo; rate of movement; rhythmical division.
common or triple time
The musician keeps good time.
• Beaumont and Fletcher
some few lines set unto a solemn time

#### Usage notes

For the number of occurrences and the ratio of comparison, once and twice are used instead of one time and two times. Thrice is uncommon but not obsolescent.

#### Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

### Verb

time (third-person singular simple present times, present participle timing, simple past and past participle timed)

1. To measure or record the time, duration, or rate of.
I used a stopwatch to time myself running around the block.
2. To choose when something begins or how long it lasts.
The President timed his speech badly, coinciding with the Super Bowl.
The bomb was timed to explode at 9:20 p.m.
• Francis Bacon
There is no greater wisdom than well to time the beginnings and onsets of things.
3. (obsolete) To keep or beat time; to proceed or move in time.
• Whittier
With oar strokes timing to their song.
4. (obsolete) To pass time; to delay.
5. To regulate as to time; to accompany, or agree with, in time of movement.
Who overlooked the oars, and timed the stroke.
• Shakespeare
He was a thing of blood, whose every motion / Was timed with dying cries.
6. To measure, as in music or harmony.

#### Synonyms

• (to measure time): clock
• (to choose the time for): set

#### Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.